Chapter 14: Abraham
SECTION 1: Revelation Dispels Darkness
In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
1. Alif Lām Rā’. A Book which We have revealed unto you, in order that you might lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light—by the leave of their Lord—to the Way of (Him) the Exalted in Power, Worthy of all praise! – 2. Of God, to Whom do belong all things in the heavens and on earth! But alas for the Unbelievers for a terrible Penalty (their Unfaith will bring them)! – 3. Those who love the life of this world more than the Hereafter, who hinder (men) from the Path of God and seek therein something crooked: they are astray by a long distance.
4. We sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the language of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them. Now God leaves straying those whom He pleases and guides whom He pleases: and He is Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.
5. We sent Moses with Our Signs (and the command): “Bring out your people from the depths of darkness into light, and teach them to remember the Days of God.” Verily in this there are Signs for such as are firmly patient and constant, - grateful and appreciative. 6. Remember! Moses said to his people: “Call to mind the favor of God to you when He delivered you from the people of Pharaoh: they set you hard tasks and punishments, slaughtered your sons, and let your womenfolk live: therein was a tremendous trial from your Lord.”
SECTION 2: Truth is Rejected First
7. And remember your Lord caused to be declared (publicly): “If you are grateful, I will add more (favors) unto you; but if you show ingratitude, truly My punishment is terrible indeed.” 8. And Moses said: “If you show ingratitude, you and all on earth together, yet is God free of all wants, worthy of all praise.”
9. Has not the story reached you, (O people!), of those who (went) before you? - of the people of Noah, and ‘Ād, and Thamūd? - and of those who (came) after them? None knows them but God. To them came messengers with clear (Signs); but they put their hands up to their mouths, and said: “We do deny (the mission) on which you have been sent, and we are really in suspicious (disquieting) doubt as to that to which you invite us.” 10. Their messengers said: “Is there a doubt about God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth? It is He Who invites you, in order that He may forgive you your sins and give you respite for a term appointed!” They said: “Ah! You are no more than human, like ourselves! You wish to turn us away from the (gods) our fathers used to worship: then bring us some clear authority.” 11. Their messengers said to them: “True, we are human like yourselves, but God does grant His grace to such of His servants as He pleases. It is not for us to bring you an authority except as God permits. And on God let all men of faith put their trust. 12. No reason have we why we should not put our trust on God. Indeed He has guided us to the Ways we (follow). We shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us. For those who put their trust should put their trust on God.”
“If you are grateful, I will add more (favors) unto you; but if you show ingratitude,
truly My punishment is terrible indeed.” (14:07)
SECTION 3: Opposition is at Last Destroyed
13. And the Unbelievers said to their messengers: “Be sure we shall drive you out of our land, or you shall return to our religion.” But their Lord inspired (this Message) to them: “Verily We shall cause the wrongdoers to perish! 14. And verily We shall cause you to abide in the land, and succeed them. This for such as fear the Time when they shall stand before My tribunal, - such as fear the punishment denounced.” 15. But they sought victory and decision (there and then), and frustration was the lot of every powerful obstinate transgressor. 16. In front of such a one is Hell, and he is given, for drink, boiling fetid water. 17. In gulps will he sip it, but never will he be near swallowing it down his throat: death will come to him from every quarter, yet will he not die: and in front of him will be a chastisement unrelenting.
18. The parable of those who reject their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a tempestuous day: no power have they over anything that they have earned: that is the straying far, far (from the goal). 19. See you not that God created the heavens and the earth in Truth? If He so wills, He can remove you and put (in your place) a new creation? 20. Nor is that for God any great matter. 21. They will all be marshaled before God together: then will the weak say to those who were arrogant, “For us, we but followed you; can you then avail us at all against the wrath of God?” They will reply, “If we had received the Guidance of God, we should have given it to you: to us it makes no difference (now) whether we rage, or bear (these torments) with patience: for ourselves there is no way of escape.”
SECTION 4: Truth is Confirmed
22. And Satan will say when the matter is decided: “It was God Who gave you a promise of Truth: I too promised, but I failed in my promise to you. I had no authority over you except to call you, but you listened to me: then reproach not me, but reproach your own souls. I cannot listen to your cries, nor can you listen to mine. I reject your former act in associating me with God. For wrong-doers there must be a grievous Penalty.”
23. But those who believe and work righteousness will be admitted to Gardens beneath which rivers flow, - to dwell therein forever with the leave of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Peace!”
24. See you not how God sets forth a parable? - a goodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens, - 25. It brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord. So God sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition. 26. And the parable of an evil Word is that of an evil tree: it is torn up by the root from the surface of the earth: it has no stability. 27. God will establish in strength those who believe, with the Word that stands firm, in this world and in the Hereafter; but God will leave, to stray, those who do wrong: God does what He wills.
SECTION 5: Man’s Injustice in Rejecting Truth
28. Have you not turned your vision to those who have changed the favor of God into blasphemy and caused their people to descend to the House of Perdition? - 29. Into Hell? They will burn therein, - an evil place to stay in! 30. And they set up (idols) as equal to God, to mislead (men) from the Path! Say: “Enjoy (your brief power)! But verily you are making straightway for Hell!”
31. Speak to My servants who have believed, that they may establish regular prayers, and spend (in charity) out of the sustenance We have given them, secretly and openly, before the coming of a Day in which there will be neither mutual bargaining nor befriending.
32. It is God Who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down rain from the skies, and with it brings out fruits wherewith to feed you; it is He Who has made the ships subject to you, that they may sail through the sea by His command; and the rivers (also) has He made subject to you. 33. And He has made subject to you the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their courses; and the night and the day has He (also) made subject to you. 34. And He gives you of all that you ask for. But if you count the favors of God, never will you be able to number them. Verily, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude.
And He gives you of all that you ask for. But if you count the favors of God, never will you be able to number them.
Verily, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude. (14:34)
SECTION 6: Abraham’s Prayer
35. Remember Abraham said: “O my Lord! Make this city one of peace and security: and preserve me and my sons from worshipping idols. 36. O my Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind; he then who follows my (ways) is of me, and he that disobeys me, - but You are indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. 37. O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Your Sacred House; in order, O our Lord, that they may establish regular prayer: so fill the hearts of some among men with love towards them, and feed them with fruits: so that they may give thanks. 38. O our Lord! Truly You do know what we conceal and what we reveal: for nothing whatever is hidden from God, whether on earth or in heaven. 39. Praise be to God, Who has granted unto me in old age Ishmael and Isaac: for truly my Lord is He, the Hearer of prayer! 40. O my Lord! Make me one who establishes regular prayer, and also (raise such) among my offspring O our Lord! and accept You my prayer. 41. O our Lord! Cover (us) with Your Forgiveness—me, my parents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that the Reckoning will be established!”
SECTION 7: The End of Opposition
42. Think not that God does not heed the deeds of those who do wrong. He but gives them respite against a Day when the eyes will fixedly stare in horror, - 43. They running forward with necks outstretched, their heads uplifted, their gaze returning not towards them, and their hearts a (gaping) void!
44. So warn mankind of the Day when the Wrath will reach them: then will the wrong-doers say: “Our Lord! Respite us (if only) for a short term: we will answer Your call, and follow the messengers!” “What! Were you not wont to swear aforetime that you should suffer no decline? 45. And you dwelt in the dwellings of men who wronged their own souls; you were clearly shown how We dealt with them; and We put forth (many) Parables on your behalf!” 46. Mighty indeed were the plots which they made, but their plots were (well) within the sight of God, even though they were such as to shake the hills! 47. Never think that God would fail His messengers in His promise: for God is Exalted in Power, - the Lord of Retribution.
48. One day the earth will be changed to a different earth, and so will be the heavens, and (men) will be marshaled forth, before God, the One, the Irresistible; 49. And you will see the sinners that day bound together in fetters; - 50. Their garments of liquid pitch, and their faces covered with Fire; 51. That God may requite each soul according to its deserts; and verily God is swift in calling to account.
52. Here is a Message for mankind: let them take warning therefrom, and let them know that He is (no other than) One God: let men of understanding take heed.