Chapter 2: The Heifer
Section 1: Fundamental Principles in Islam
In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
1. Alif Lam Mim.
2. This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear God. 3. Who believe in the Unseen, are steadfast in prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them; 4. And who believe in the Revelation sent to you, and sent before your time, and (in their hearts) have the assurance of the Hereafter.
5. They are on (true) guidance, from their Lord, and it is these who will prosper.
6. As to those who reject Faith, it is the same to them whether you warn them or do not warn them; they will not believe. 7. God has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, and on their eyes, is a veil; great is the penalty they (incur).
And who believe in the Revelation sent to you, and sent before your time, and (in their hearts) have the assurance of the Hereafter. (2:4)
Section 2: Lip Profession
8. Of the people there are some who say: "We believe in God and the Last Day;" but they do not (really) believe. 9. Fain would they deceive God and those who believe, but they only deceive themselves, and realize (it) not! 10. In their hearts is a disease; and God has increased their disease: And grievous is the penalty they (incur), because they are false (to themselves). 11. When it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth," they say: "Why, we only want to make peace!" 12. Of a surety, they are the ones who make mischief, but they realize (it) not. 13. When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe." They say: "Shall we believe as the fools believe?" No, of a surety they are the fools, but they do not know. 14. When they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe;" but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say: "We are really with you: We (were) only jesting." 15. God will throw back their mockery on them, and give them rope in their trespasses; so, they will wander like blind ones (to and fro). 16. These are they who have bartered Guidance for error: But their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction.
17. Their similitude is that of a man who kindled a fire; when it lighted all around him, God took away their light and left them in utter darkness. So, they could not see. 18. Deaf, dumb, and blind, they will not return (to the path). 19. Or (another similitude) is that of a rain-laden cloud from the sky: In it are zones of darkness, and thunder and lightning: They press their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunder-clap, the while they are in terror of death. But God is ever around the rejecters of Faith! 20. The lightning all but snatches away their sight; every time the light (helps) them, they walk therein, and when the darkness grows on them, they stand still. And if God willed, He could take away their faculty of hearing and seeing; for God has power over all things.
Section 3: Divine Unity
21. O you people! Adore your Guardian-Lord, who created you and those who came before you, that you may have the chance to learn righteousness; 22. Who has made the earth your couch, and the heavens your canopy; and sent down rain from the heavens; and brought forth therewith fruits for your sustenance; then set not up rivals unto God when you know (the truth). 23. And if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to Our servant, then produce a Chapter like thereunto; and call your witnesses or helpers (if there are any) besides God, if your (doubts) are true. 24. But if you cannot - and of a surety you cannot - then fear the Fire whose fuel is men and stones, - which is prepared for those who reject Faith. 25. But give glad tidings to those who believe and work righteousness, that their portion is Gardens, beneath which rivers flow. Every time they are fed with fruits therefrom, they say: "Why, this is what we were fed with before," for they are given things in similitude; and they have therein companions pure (and holy); and they abide therein (forever).
26. God disdains not to use the similitude of things, lowest as well as highest. Those who believe know that it is truth from their Lord; but those who reject Faith say: "What means God by this similitude?" By it He causes many to stray, and many He leads into the right path; but He causes not to stray, except those who forsake (the path), - 27. Those who break God’s Covenant after it is ratified, and who sunder what God Has ordered to be joined, and do mischief on earth: These cause loss (only) to themselves. 28. How can you reject the faith in God? - seeing that you were without life, and He gave you life; then will He cause you to die, and will again bring you to life; and again to Him will you return. 29. It is He Who has created for you all things that are on earth; Moreover, His design comprehended the heavens, for He gave order and perfection to the seven firmaments; and of all things He has perfect knowledge.
O you people! Adore your Guardian-Lord, who created you and those who came before you, that you may have the chance to learn righteousness; (2:21)
Section 4: Greatness of Man and Need of Revelation
30. Behold, Your Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said: "Will You place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? - whilst we do celebrate Your praises and glorify Your holy (name)?" He said: "I know what you know not." 31. And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then He placed them before the angels, and said: "Tell me the nature of these if you are right." 32. They said: "Glory to You, of knowledge We have none, save what You Have taught us: In truth, it is You Who are perfect in knowledge and wisdom." 33. He said: "O Adam! Tell them their natures." When he had told them, God said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what you reveal and what you conceal?" 34. And behold, We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam," and they bowed down. Not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: He was of those who reject Faith.
35. We said: "O Adam! dwell you and your wife in the Garden; and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) you will; but approach not this tree, or you run into harm and transgression." 36. Then did Satan make them slip from the (garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get you down, all (you people), with enmity between yourselves. On earth, will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood - for a time." 37. Then learned Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. 38. We said: "Get you down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from Me, whoever follows My guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 39. "But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein."
Behold, Your Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said: "Will You place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? - whilst we do celebrate Your praises and glorify Your holy (name)?" He said: "I know what you know not." (2:30)
Section 5: Israelite Prophecies Fulfilled in the Qur’an
40. O Children of Israel! Call to mind the (special) favor which I bestowed upon you, and fulfill your covenant with Me as I fulfill My Covenant with you, and fear none but Me. 41. And believe in what I reveal, confirming the revelation which is with you, and be not the first to reject Faith therein, nor sell My Signs for a small price; and fear Me, and Me alone. 42. And cover not Truth with falsehood, nor conceal the Truth when you know (what it is). 43. And be steadfast in prayer; practice regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship). 44. Do you enjoin right conduct on the people, and forget (to practice it) yourselves, and yet you study the Scripture? Will you not understand? 45. No, seek (God's) help with patient perseverance and prayer: It is indeed hard, except to those who bring a lowly spirit, - 46. Who bear in mind the certainty that they are to meet their Lord, and that they are to return to Him.
And believe in what I reveal, confirming the revelation which is with you, and be not the first to reject Faith therein, nor sell My Signs for a small price; and fear Me, and Me alone. (2:41)
Section 6: Divine Favors on Israel
47. Children of Israel! Call to mind the (special) favor which I bestowed upon you, and that I preferred you to all others (for My Message). 48. Then guard yourselves against a day when one soul shall not avail another, nor shall intercession be accepted for her, nor shall compensation be taken from her, nor shall anyone be helped (from outside).
49. And remember, We delivered you from the people of Pharaoh: They set you hard tasks and punishments, slaughtered your sons and let your women-folk live; therein was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
50. And remember, We divided the sea for you and saved you, and drowned Pharaoh's people within your very sight.
51. And remember, We appointed forty nights for Moses, and in his absence, you took the calf (for worship), and you did grievous wrong.
52. Even then We did forgive you; there was a chance for you to be grateful.
53. And remember, We gave Moses the Scripture and the Criterion (between right and wrong): There was a chance for you to be guided aright.
54. And remember, Moses said to his people: "O my people! You have indeed wronged yourselves by your worship of the calf: So, turn (in repentance) to your Maker, and slay yourselves (the wrong-doers); that will be better for you in the sight of your Maker." Then He turned towards you (in forgiveness): For He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
55. And remember, you said: "O Moses! We shall never believe in you until we see God manifestly," but you were dazed with thunder and lightning even as you looked on. 56. Then We raised you up after your death: You had the chance to be grateful. 57. And We gave you the shade of clouds and sent down to you Manna and quails, saying: "Eat of the good things We have provided for you:" (But they rebelled); to Us, they did no harm, but they harmed their own souls.
58. And remember, We said: "Enter this town, and eat of the plenty therein as you wish; but enter the gate with humility, in posture, and in words, and We shall forgive you your faults and increase (the portion of) those who do good." 59. But the transgressors changed the word from that which had been given them; so, We sent on the transgressors a plague from heaven, for that they infringed (Our command) repeatedly.
Then guard yourselves against a day when one soul shall not avail another, nor shall intercession be accepted for her, nor shall compensation be taken from her, nor shall anyone be helped (from outside). (2:48)
Section 7: Divine Favors on Israel
60. And remember, Moses prayed for water for his people; We said: "Strike the rock with your staff." Then gushed forth therefrom twelve springs. Each group knew its own place for water. So, eat and drink of the sustenance provided by God, and do no evil nor mischief on the (face of the) earth.
61. And remember, you said: "O Moses! We cannot endure one kind of food (always); so beseech your Lord for us to produce for us of what the earth grows, -its pot-herbs, and cucumbers, Its garlic, lentils, and onions." He said: "Will you exchange the better for the worse? Go you down to any town, and you shall find what you want!" They were covered with humiliation and misery; they drew on themselves the wrath of God. This because they went on rejecting the Signs of God and slaying His Messengers without just cause. This because they rebelled and went on transgressing.
Section 8: The Israelites’ Degeneration
62. Those who believe (in the Qur'an), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians, - any who believe in God and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
63. And remember, We took your covenant and We raised above you (the towering height) of Mount (Sinai): (Saying): "Hold firmly to what We have given you and bring (ever) to remembrance what is therein: Perchance you may fear God." 64. But you turned back thereafter: Had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of God to you, you had surely been among the lost. 65. And well you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath: We said to them: "Be you apes, despised and rejected." 66. So We made it an example to their own time and to their posterity, and a lesson to those who fear God.
67. And remember, Moses said to his people: "(God) commands that you sacrifice a heifer." They said: "Make you a laughing-stock of us?" He said: "(God) save me from being an ignorant (fool)!" 68. They said: "Beseech on our behalf your Lord to make plain to us what (heifer) it is!" He said; "He says: The heifer should be neither too old nor too young, but of middling age. Now do what you are commanded!" 69. They said: "Beseech on our behalf your Lord to make plain to us Her color." He said: "He says: A fawn-colored heifer, pure and rich in tone, the admiration of beholders!" 70. They said: "Beseech on our behalf your Lord to make plain to us what she is: To us are all heifers alike: We wish indeed for guidance, if God wills." 71. He said: "He says: A heifer not trained to till the soil or water the fields; sound and without blemish." They said: "Now have you brought the truth." Then they offered her in sacrifice, but not with goodwill.
"Those who believe (in the Qur'an), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians, - any who believe in God and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (2:62)"
Section 9: They Grow in Hard Heartedness
72. Remember you slew a man and fell into a dispute among yourselves as to the crime: But God was to bring forth what you did hide. 73. So We said: "Strike the (body) with a piece of the (heifer)." Thus, God brings the dead to life and shows you His Signs: Perchance you may understand.
74. Thenceforth were your hearts hardened: They became like a rock and even worse in hardness. For among rocks there are some from which rivers gush forth; others there are which when split asunder send forth water; and others which sink for fear of God. And God is not unmindful of what you do.
75. Can you (O you men of Faith) entertain the hope that they will believe in you? - Seeing that a party of them heard the Word of God, and perverted it knowingly after they understood it. 76. Behold! when they meet the men of Faith, they say: "We believe": But when they meet each other in private, they say: "Shall you tell them what God has revealed to you, that they may engage you in argument about it before your Lord?"- Do you not understand (their aim)? 77. Know they not that God knows what they conceal and what they reveal? 78. And there are among them illiterates, who know not the Book, but (see therein their own) desires, and they do nothing but conjecture. 79. Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands, and then say: "This is from God," to traffic with it for miserable price! - Woe to them for what their hands do write, and for the gain they make thereby.
80. And they say: "The Fire shall not touch us but for a few numbered days:" Say: "Have you taken a promise from God, for He never breaks His promise? Or is it that you say of God what you do not know?" 81. No, those who seek gain in evil, and are girt round by their sins, - they are companions of the Fire: Therein shall they abide (forever). 82. But those who have faith and work righteousness, they are companions of the Garden: Therein shall they abide (forever).
But those who have faith and work righteousness, they are companions of the Garden: Therein shall they abide (forever). (2:82)
Section 10: Their Covenant and its Violation
83. And remember, We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (to this effect): Worship none but God. Treat with kindness your parents and kindred, and orphans, and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in prayer; and practice regular charity. Then did you turn back, except a few among you, and you backslide (even now). 84. And remember, We took your covenant (to this effect): Shed no blood amongst you, nor turn out your own people from your homes: and this you solemnly ratified, and to this you can bear witness. 85. After this it is you, the same people, who slay among yourselves, and banish a party of you from their homes; assist (their enemies) against them, in guilt and rancor; and if they come to you as captives, you ransom them, though it was not lawful for you to banish them. Then is it only a part of the Book that you believe in, and do you reject the rest? But what is the reward for those among you who behave like this but disgrace in this life? - and on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous penalty. For God is not unmindful of what you do. 86. These are the people who buy the life of this world at the price of the Hereafter: their penalty shall not be lightened; nor shall they be helped.
Section 11: They Reject the Prophet
87. We gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of messengers; We gave Jesus the son of Mary Clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the holy spirit. Is it that whenever there comes to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desire not, you are puffed up with pride? - Some you called impostors, and others you slay! 88. They say, "Our hearts are the wrappings (which preserve God’s Word: we need no more)." No, God’s curse is on them for their blasphemy: Little is it they believe. 89. And when there comes to them a Book from God, confirming what is with them, - although from of old they had prayed for victory against those without Faith, - when there comes to them that which they (should) have recognized, they refuse to believe in it; but the curse of God is on those without Faith. 90. Miserable is the price for which they have sold their souls, in that they deny (the revelation) which God has sent down, in insolent envy that God of His Grace should send it to any of His servants He pleases: Thus, have they drawn on themselves Wrath upon Wrath. And humiliating is the punishment of those who reject Faith. 91. When it is said to them, "Believe in what God Has sent down," - They say, "We believe in what was sent down to us:" yet they reject all besides, even if it is Truth confirming what is with them. Say: "Why then have you slain the prophets of God in times gone by, if you did indeed believe?" 92. There came to you Moses with clear (Signs); yet you worshipped the calf (even) after that, and you did behave wrongfully. 93. And remember, We took your covenant and We raised above you (the towering height) of Mount (Sinai): (Saying): "Hold firmly to what We have given you, and hearken (to the Law)": They said: "We hear, and we disobey:" And they had to drink into their hearts (of the taint) of the calf because of their Faithlessness. Say: "Vile indeed are the behests of your Faith if you have any faith!" 94. Say: "If the last Home, with God, be for you specially, and not for anyone else, then seek you for death, if you are sincere." 95. But they will never seek for death, on account of the (sins) which their hands have sent on before them. And God is well-acquainted with the wrongdoers. 96. You will indeed find them, of all people, most greedy of life, - even more than the idolaters: Each one of them wishes he could be given a life of a thousand years: But the grant of such life will not save him from (due) punishment. For God sees well all that they do.
...We gave Jesus the son of Mary Clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the holy spirit... (2:87)
Section 12: Their Enmity Towards the Prophet
97. Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - for he brings down the (revelation) to your heart by God’s will, a confirmation of what went before, and guidance and glad tidings for those who believe, - 98. Whoever is an enemy to God and His angels and messengers, to Gabriel and Michael, - Lo! God is an enemy to those who reject Faith. 99. We have sent down to you Manifest Signs (verses); and none reject them but those who are perverse. 100. Is it not (the case) that every time they make a covenant, some party among them throw it aside? - No, most of them are faithless. 101. And when there came to them a messenger from God, confirming what was with them, a party of the people of the Book threw away the Book of God behind their backs, as if (it had been something) they did not know! 102. They followed what the evil ones gave out (falsely) against the power of Solomon: the blasphemers were, not Solomon, but the evil ones, teaching men magic, and such things as came down at Babylon to the angels Harut and Marut. But neither of these taught anyone (such things) without saying: "We are only for trial; so, do not blaspheme." They learned from them the means to sow discord between man and wife. But they could not thus harm anyone except by God’s permission. And they learned what harmed them, not what profited them. And they knew that the buyers of (magic) would have no share in the happiness of the Hereafter. And vile was the price for which they did sell their souls, if they but knew! 103. If they had kept their Faith and guarded themselves from evil, far better had been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew!
Section 13: Previous Scriptures are Abrogated
104. O you of Faith! Say not (to the Messenger) words of ambiguous import, but words of respect; and hearken (to him): To those without Faith is a grievous punishment. 105. It is never the wish of those without Faith among the People of the Book, nor of the Pagans, that anything good should come down to you from your Lord. But God will choose for His special mercy whom He will - for God is Lord of grace abounding. 106. None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Know you not that God Has power over all things? 107. Know you not that to God belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth? And besides Him you have neither patron nor helper.
108. Would you question your Messenger as Moses was questioned of old? But whoever changes from Faith to Unbelief, has strayed without doubt from the even way. 109. Quite a number of the People of the Book wish they could turn you (people) back to infidelity after you have believed, from selfish envy, after the Truth has become Manifest unto them: But forgive and overlook, till God accomplish His purpose; for God has power over all things. 110. And be steadfast in prayer and regular in charity: And whatever good you send forth for your souls before you, you shall find it with God. For God sees well all that you do. 111. And they say: "None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian." Those are their (vain) desires. Say: "Produce your proof if you are truthful." 112. No, - whoever submits his whole self to God and is a doer of good, - he will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
Section 14: Perfect Guidance is only in Islam
113. The Jews say: "The Christians have naught (to stand) upon; and the Christians say: "The Jews have naught (to stand) upon." Yet they (profess to) study the (same) Book. Like unto their word is what those say who know not; but God will judge between them in their quarrel on the Day of Judgment. 114. And who is more unjust than he who forbids that in places for the worship of God, God’s name should be celebrated? - whose zeal is (in fact) to ruin them? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them except in fear. For them there is nothing but disgrace in this world, and in the world to come, an exceeding torment. 115. To God belong the East and the West: Wherever you turn, there is the presence of God. For God is All-Pervading, All-Knowing. 116. They say: "(God) has begotten a son": Glory be to Him. - No, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him. 117. To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: When He decrees a matter, He says to it: "Be," and it is. 118. Say those without knowledge: "Why speaks not God unto us? Or why comes not unto us a Sign?" So said the people before them words of similar import. Their hearts are alike. We have indeed made clear the Signs unto any people who hold firmly to Faith (in their hearts). 119. Verily We have sent you in truth as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner: But of you no question shall be asked of the Companions of the Blazing Fire. 120. Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with you unless you follow their form of religion. Say: "The Guidance of God, - that is the (only) Guidance." Were you to follow their desires after the knowledge which has reached you, then would you find neither protector nor helper against God. 121. Those to whom We have sent the Book study it as it should be studied: They are the ones that believe therein: Those who reject faith therein, - the loss is their own.
To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: When He decrees a matter, He says to it: "Be," and it is. (2:117)
Section 15: Covenant with Abraham
122. O Children of Israel! Call to mind the special favor which I bestowed upon you, and that I preferred you to all others (for My Message). 123. Then guard yourselves against a Day when one soul shall not avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from her, nor shall intercession profit her, nor shall anyone be helped (from outside).
124. And remember, that Abraham was tried by his Lord with certain commands, which he fulfilled: He said: "I will make you an Imam to the Nations." He pleaded: "And also (Imams) from my offspring!" He answered: "But My Promise is not within the reach of evil-doers." 125. Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take you the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Ishmael, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer). 126. And remember, Abraham said: "My Lord, make this a City of Peace, and feed its people with fruits, - such of them as believe in God and the Last Day." He said: "(Yea), and such as reject faith, - for a while will I grant them their pleasure, but will soon drive them to the torment of Fire, - an evil destination (indeed)!" 127. And remember, Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the House (with this prayer): "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us: For You are the All-Hearing, the All-knowing. 128. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims, bowing to Your (Will), and of our progeny, a people Muslim, bowing to Your (will); and show us our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for You are the Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. 129. "Our Lord! send amongst them a Messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Your Signs to them and instruct them in scripture and wisdom, and sanctify them: For You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise."
Section 16: The Religion of Abraham
130. And who turns away from the religion of Abraham but such as debase their souls with folly? Him We chose and rendered pure in this world: And he will be in the Hereafter in the ranks of the righteous. 131. Behold! His lord said to him: "Bow (your will to me):" He said: "I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the Universe." 132. And this was the legacy that Abraham left to his sons, and so did Jacob; "Oh my sons! God has chosen the Faith for you; then die not except in the Faith of Islam." 133. Were you witnesses when death appeared before Jacob? Behold, he said to his sons: "What will you worship after me?" They said: "We shall worship your God and the God of your fathers, of Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac, - the one (True) God. To Him we bow (in Islam)." 134. That was a people that has passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what they did, and you of what you do! Of their merits, there is no question in your case!
135. They say: "Become Jews or Christians if you want to be guided (to salvation)." Say you: "No! (I would rather) the Religion of Abraham, the True, and he joined not gods with God." 136. Say you: "We believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to God (in submission)." 137. So, if they believe as you believe, they are indeed on the right path; but if they turn back, it is they who are in schism; but God will suffice you as against them, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. 138. (Our religion is) the baptism of God. And who can baptize better than God? And it is He Whom we worship.
139. Say: Will you dispute with us about God, seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doings and you for yours; and that We are sincere (in our faith) in Him? 140. Or do you say that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do you know better than God? Ah! who is more unjust than those who conceal the testimony they have from God. But God is not unmindful of what you do! 141. That was a people that has passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what they did, and you of what you do! Of their merits, there is no question in your case.
Say you: "We believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to God (in submission)." (2:136)
Section 17: The Ka’bah as the Spiritual Centre
142. The fools among the people will say: "What has turned them from the Direction to which they were used to?" Say: To God belong both east and west: He guides whom He will to a way that is straight. 143. Thus, have We made of you a people justly balanced, that you might be witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves; and We appointed the Direction to which you were used, only to test those who followed the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels (from the Faith). Indeed, it was (a change) momentous, except to those guided by God. And never would God make your faith of no effect. For God is to all people most surely full of kindness, Most Merciful. 144. We see the turning of your face (for guidance to the heavens: now shall We turn you to a Direction that shall please you. Turn then your face in the direction of the sacred Mosque: Wherever you are, turn your faces in that direction. The people of the Book know well that that is the truth from their Lord. Nor is God unmindful of what they do. 145. Even if you were to bring to the people of the Book all the Signs (together), they would not follow your Direction; nor are you going to follow their Direction; nor indeed will they follow each other's Direction. If you after the knowledge has reached you, were to follow their (vain) desires, - then were you indeed (clearly) in the wrong. 146. The people of the Book know this as they know their own sons; but some of them conceal the truth which they themselves know. 147. The Truth is from your Lord; so be not at all in doubt.
Section 18: The Ka’bah as the Spiritual Centre
148. To each is a goal to which God turns him; then strive together (as in a race) towards all that is good. Wherever you are, God will bring you together. For God has power over all things. 149. From wherever you start forth, turn your face in the direction of the sacred Mosque; that is indeed the truth from the Lord. And God is not unmindful of what you do. 150. So from wherever you start forth, turn your face in the direction of the sacred Mosque; and wherever you are, turn your face thither: that there be no ground of dispute against you among the people, except those of them that are bent on wickedness; so, fear them not, but fear Me; and that I may complete My favors on you, and you may (consent to) be guided; 151. A similar (favor have you already received) in that We have sent among you a Messenger of your own, rehearsing to you Our Signs, and sanctifying you, and instructing you in Scripture and Wisdom, and in new knowledge. 152. Then do you remember Me; I will remember you. Be grateful to Me, and reject not Faith.
Then do you remember Me; I will remember you. Be grateful to Me, and reject not Faith. (2:152)
Section 19: Hard Trials Necessary to Establish Truth
153. O you who believe! Seek help with patient perseverance and prayer; for God is with those who patiently persevere. 154. And say not of those who are slain in the way of God. "They are dead." No, they are living, though you perceive (it) not. 155. Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere. 156. Who say, when afflicted with calamity: "To God We belong, and to Him is our return": - 157. They are those on whom (descend) blessings from God, and Mercy, and they are the ones that receive guidance.
Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere. (2:155)
158. Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of God. So, if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round, it is no sin in them. And if anyone obeys his own impulse to do good, - be sure that God is He Who recognizes and knows. 159. Those who conceal the clear (Signs) We have sent down, and the Guidance, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, - on them shall be God’s curse, and the curse of those entitled to curse, - 160. Except those who repent and make amends and openly declare (the Truth): To them I turn; for I am Oft-returning, Most Merciful. 161. Those who reject Faith, and die rejecting, - on them is God’s curse, and the curse of angels, and of all mankind; 162. They will abide therein: Their penalty will not be lightened, nor will respite be their (lot). 163. And your God is One God. There is no god but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Except those who repent and make amends and openly declare (the Truth): To them I turn; for I am Oft-returning, Most Merciful. (2:160)
Section 20: Unity Must Prevail
164. Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the night and the day; in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind; in the rain which God sends down from the skies, and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds, and the clouds which they trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth; - (Here) indeed are Signs for a people that are wise. 165. Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides God, as equal (with God): They love them as they should love God. But those of Faith are overflowing in their love for God. If only the unrighteous could see, behold, they would see the penalty: that to God belongs all power, and God will strongly enforce the penalty. 166. Then would those who are followed clear themselves of those who follow (them): They would see the penalty, and all relations between them would be cut off. 167. And those who followed would say: "If only we had one more chance, we would clear ourselves of them, as they have cleared themselves of us." Thus, will God show them (the fruits of) their deeds as (nothing but) regrets. Nor will there be a way for them out of the Fire.
Section 21: Prohibited Foods
168. O you people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of the evil one, for he is to you an avowed enemy. 169. For he commands you what is evil and shameful, and that you should say of God that of which you have no knowledge. 170. When it is said to them: "Follow what God has revealed:" They say: "No! we shall follow the ways of our fathers." What! Even though their fathers were void of wisdom and guidance? 171. The parable of those who reject Faith is as if one were to shout like a goat-herd, to things that listen to nothing but calls and cries: Deaf, dumb, and blind, they are void of wisdom. 172. O you who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to God, if it is Him you worship. 173. He has only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name has been invoked besides that of God. But if one is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, - then is he guiltless. For God is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful.
174. Those who conceal God’s revelations in the Book, and purchase for them a miserable profit, - they swallow into themselves naught but Fire; God will not address them on the Day of Resurrection. Nor purify them: Grievous will be their penalty. 175. They are the ones who buy error in place of guidance and torment in place of forgiveness. Ah! What boldness (they show) for the Fire! 176. (Their doom is) because God sent down the Book in truth but those who seek causes of dispute in the Book are in a schism far (from the purpose).
O you who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to God, if it is Him you worship. (2:172)
He has only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine,... (2:173)
Section 22: Retaliation and Bequests
177. It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards east or west; but it is righteousness - to believe in God and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which you have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the God fearing.
178. O you who believe! The law of equality is prescribed to you in cases of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, the woman for the woman. But if any remission is made by the brother of the slain, then grant any reasonable demand, and compensate him with handsome gratitude, this is a concession and a Mercy from your Lord. After this whoever exceeds the limits shall be in grave penalty. 179. In the Law of Equality there is (saving of) life to you, o you men of understanding; that you may restrain yourselves.
180. It is prescribed, when death approaches any of you, if he leaves any goods that he makes a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable usage; this is due from the God fearing. 181. If anyone changes the bequest after hearing it, the guilt shall be on those who make the change. For God hears and knows (all things). 182. But if anyone fears partiality or wrong-doing on the part of the testator, and makes peace between (the parties concerned), there is no wrong in him: For God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
Section 23: Fasting
183. O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint, - 184. (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will, - it is better for him. And it is better for you that you fast, if you only knew. 185. Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So, every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. God intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance you shall be grateful. 186. When My servants ask You concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every supplicant when he calls on Me: Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way. 187. Permitted to you, on the night of the fasts, is the approach to your wives. They are your garments and you are their garments. God knows what you used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them, and seek what God Has ordained for you, and eat and drink, until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast till the night appears; but do not associate with your wives while you are in retreat in the mosques. Those are limits (set by) God. Approach not near thereto. Thus, does God make clear His Signs to men: that they may learn self-restraint. 188. And do not eat up your property among yourselves for vanities, nor use it as bait for the judges, with intent that you may eat up wrongfully and knowingly a little of (other) people's property.
Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So, every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting,... (2:185)
Section 24: Fighting in Defense
189. They ask you concerning the New Moons. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in (the affairs of) men, and for Pilgrimage. It is no virtue if you enter your houses from the back: It is virtue if you fear God. Enter houses through the proper doors: And fear God, that you may prosper.
190. Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loves not transgressors. 191. And slay them wherever you catch them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you, slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith. 192. But if they cease, God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. 193. And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in God. But if they cease, let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression.
194. The prohibited month for the prohibited month, - and so for all things prohibited, - there is the law of equality. If then any one transgresses the prohibition against you, transgress you likewise against him. But fear God, and know that God is with those who restrain themselves. 195. And spend of your substance in the cause of God, and make not your own hands contribute to (your) destruction; but do good; for God loves those who do good.
196. And complete the Pilgrimage or 'Umra in the service of God. But if you are prevented (from completing it), send an offering for sacrifice, such as you may find, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches the place of sacrifice. And if any of you is ill, or has an ailment in his scalp, (necessitating shaving), (he should) in compensation either fast, or feed the poor, or offer sacrifice; and when you are in peaceful conditions (again), if any one wishes to continue the 'umra on to the pilgrimage, he must make an offering, such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should fast three days during the pilgrimage and seven days on his return, making ten days in all. This is for those whose household is not in (the precincts of) the Sacred Mosque. And fear God, and know that God is strict in punishment.
And spend of your substance in the cause of God, and make not your own hands contribute to (your) destruction; but do good; for God loves those who do good. (2:195)
Section 25: The Pilgrimage
197. For Pilgrimage are the months well known. If anyone undertakes that duty therein, let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the Pilgrimage. And whatever good you do, (be sure) God knows it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best of provisions is right conduct. So, fear Me, o you that are wise. 198. It is no crime in you if you seek of the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage). Then, when you pour down from (mount) Arafat, celebrate the praises of God at the Sacred Monument, and celebrate His praises as He has directed you, even though, before this, you went astray. 199. Then pass on at a quick pace from the place whence it is usual for the multitude so to do, and ask for God’s forgiveness. For God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. 200. So when you have accomplished your holy rites, celebrate the praises of God, as you used to celebrate the praises of your fathers, - yea, with far more heart and soul. There are men who say: "Our Lord! Give us (Your bounties) in this world!" but they will have no portion in the Hereafter. 201. And there are men who say: "Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and defend us from the torment of the Fire!" 202. To these will be allotted what they have earned; and God is quick in account. 203. Celebrate the praises of God during the Appointed Days. But if any one hastens to leave in two days, there is no blame on him, and if anyone stays on, there is no blame on him, if his aim is to do right. Then fear God, and know that you will surely be gathered unto Him.
204. There is the type of man whose speech about this world's life may dazzle you, and he calls God to witness about what is in his heart; yet is he the most contentious of enemies. 205. When he turns his back, his aim everywhere is to spread mischief through the earth and destroy crops and cattle. But God loves not mischief. 206. When it is said to him, “Fear God”, he is led by arrogance to (more) crime. Enough for him is Hell; - An evil bed indeed (to lie on)! 207. And there is the type of man who gives his life to earn the pleasure of God. And God is full of kindness to (His) devotees.
208. O you who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the evil one; for he is to you an avowed enemy. 209. If you backslide after the clear (Signs) have come to you, then know that God is Exalted in Power, Wise. 210. Will they wait until God comes to them in canopies of clouds, with angels (in His train) and the question is (thus) settled? But to God do all questions go back (for decision).
Section 26: Trials and Tribulations
211. Ask the Children of Israel how many clear (Signs) We have sent them. But if anyone, after God’s favor has come to him, substitutes (something else), God is strict in punishment. 212. The life of this world is alluring to those who reject faith, and they scoff at those who believe. But the righteous will be above them on the Day of Resurrection; for God bestows His abundance without measure on whom He will. 213. Mankind was one single nation, and God sent Messengers with glad tidings and warnings; and with them He sent the Book in truth, to judge between people in matters wherein they differed; but the People of the Book, after the clear Signs came to them, did not differ among themselves, except through selfish contumacy. God by His Grace guided the believers to the Truth, concerning that wherein they differed. For God guided whom He will to a path that is straight. 214. Or do you think that you shall enter the Garden (of bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: "When (will come) the help of God." Ah! Verily, the help of God is (always) near!
215. They ask you what they should spend (in charity). Say: Whatever you spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans and those in want and for wayfarers. And whatever you do that is good, - (God) knows it well.
216. Fighting is prescribed for you, and you dislike it. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and that you love a thing which is bad for you. But God knows, and you know not.
Say: Whatever you spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans and those in want and for wayfarers... (2:215)
Section 27: Miscellaneous Questions
217. They ask you concerning fighting in the Prohibited Month. Say: "Fighting therein is a grave (offence); but graver is it in the sight of God to prevent access to the path of God, to deny Him, to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and drive out its members." Tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter. Nor will they cease fighting you until they turn you back from your faith if they can. And if any of you turn back from their faith and die in unbelief, their works will bear no fruit in this life and in the Hereafter; they will be companions of the Fire and will abide therein. 218. Those who believed, and those who suffered exile, and fought (and strove and struggled) in the path of God, - they have the hope of the Mercy of God. And God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
219. They ask you concerning wine and gambling. Say: "In them is great sin, and some profit, for men; but the sin is greater than the profit." They ask you how much they are to spend; say: "What is beyond your needs." Thus, does God Make clear to you His Signs: In order that you may consider - 220. (Their bearings) on this life and the Hereafter. They ask you concerning orphans. Say: "The best thing to do is what is for their good; if you mix their affairs with yours, they are your brethren; but God knows the man who means mischief from the man who means good. And if God had wished, He could have put you into difficulties: He is indeed Exalted in Power, Wise."
221. Do not marry unbelieving women (idolaters), until they believe: A slave woman who believes is better than an unbelieving woman, even though she allures you. Nor marry (your girls) to unbelievers until they believe: A man slave who believes is better than an unbeliever, even though he allures you. Unbelievers do (but) beckon you to the Fire. But God beckons by His Grace to the Garden (of bliss) and forgiveness, and makes His Signs clear to mankind: That they may celebrate His praise.
Section 28: Divorce
222. They ask you concerning women's courses. Say: They are a hurt and a pollution: So, keep away from women in their courses, and do not approach them until they are clean. But when they have purified themselves, you may approach them in any manner, time, or place ordained for you by God. For God loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean. 223. Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so, approach your tilth when or how you will; but do some good act for your souls beforehand; and fear God. And know that you are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give (these) good tidings to those who believe.
224. And make not God’s (name) an excuse in your oaths against doing good, or acting rightly, or making peace between persons; for God is one who hears and knows all things. 225. God will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your hearts; and He is Oft-forgiving, Most Forbearing. 226. For those who take an oath for abstention from their wives, a waiting for four months is ordained; if then they return, God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. 227. But if their intention is firm for divorce, God hears and knows all things.
228. Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for three monthly periods. Nor is it lawful for them to hide what God Has created in their wombs, if they have faith in God and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. And women shall have rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable; but men have a degree (of advantage) over them. And God is Exalted in Power, Wise.
God will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your hearts; and He is Oft-forgiving, Most Forbearing. (2:225)
Section 29: Divorce
229. A divorce is only permissible twice: after that, the parties should either hold together on equitable terms, or separate with kindness. It is not lawful for you, (men), to take back any of your gifts (from your wives), except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by God. If you (judges) do indeed fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by God, there is no blame on either of them if she give something for her freedom. These are the limits ordained by God. So, do not transgress them. If any do transgress the limits ordained by God, such persons wrong (themselves as well as others). 230. So if a husband divorces his wife (irrevocably), he cannot, after that, re-marry her until after she has married another husband and he has divorced her. In that case, there is no blame on either of them if they reunite, provided they feel that they can keep the limits ordained by God. Such are the limits ordained by God, which He makes plain to those who understand. 231. When you divorce women, and they fulfil the term of their ('Iddat), either take them back on equitable terms or set them free on equitable terms; but do not take them back to injure them, (or) to take undue advantage; if any one does that; he wrongs his own soul. Do not treat God’s Signs as a jest, but solemnly rehearse God’s favors on you, and the fact that He sent down to you the Book and Wisdom, for your instruction. And fear God, and know that God is well acquainted with all things.
A divorce is only permissible twice: after that, the parties should either hold together on equitable terms, or separate with kindness. (2:229)
Section 30: Remarriage of Divorced Women and Widows
232. When you divorce women, and they fulfil the term of their ('Iddat), do not prevent them from marrying their (former) husbands, if they mutually agree on equitable terms. This instruction is for all amongst you, who believe in God and the Last Day. That is (the course making for) most virtue and purity amongst you - and God knows, and you know not.
233. The mothers shall give suck to their offspring for two whole years, if the father desires to complete the term. But he shall bear the cost of their food and clothing on equitable terms. No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child. Nor father on account of his child, an heir shall be chargeable in the same way. If they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent, and after due consultation, there is no blame on them. If you decide on a foster-mother for your offspring, there is no blame on you, provided you pay (the mother) what you offered, on equitable terms. But fear God and know that God sees well what you do.
234. If any of you die and leave widows behind, they shall wait concerning themselves four months and ten days: When they have fulfilled their term, there is no blame on you if they dispose of themselves in a just and reasonable manner. And God is well acquainted with what you do. 235. There is no blame on you if you make an offer of betrothal or hold it in your hearts. God knows that you cherish them in your hearts: But do not make a secret contract with them except in terms honorable, nor resolve on the tie of marriage till the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that God knows what is in your hearts, and take heed of Him; and know that God is Oft-forgiving, Most Forbearing.
Section 31: Provision for Divorced Women and Widows
236. There is no blame on you if you divorce women before consummation or the fixation of their dower; but bestow on them (a suitable gift), the wealthy according to his means, and the poor according to his means; - A gift of a reasonable amount is due from those who wish to do the right thing. 237. And if you divorce them before consummation, but after the fixation of a dower for them, then the half of the dower (is due to them), unless they remit it or (the man's half) is remitted by him in whose hands is the marriage tie; and the remission (of the man's half) is the nearest to righteousness. And do not forget liberality between yourselves. For God sees well all that you do.
238. Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers, especially the middle prayer; and stand before God in a devout (frame of mind). 239. If you fear (an enemy), pray on foot, or riding, (as may be most convenient), but when you are in security, celebrate God’s praises in the manner He has taught you, which you knew not (before).
240. Those of you who die and leave widows should bequeath for their widows a year's maintenance and residence; but if they leave (the residence), there is no blame on you for what they do with themselves, provided it is reasonable. And God is Exalted in Power, Wise. 241. For divorced women, maintenance (should be provided) on a reasonable (scale). This is a duty on the righteous. 242. Thus does God make clear His Signs to you: In order that you may understand.
For divorced women, maintenance (should be provided) on a reasonable (scale). This is a duty on the righteous. (2:241)
Section 32: Fighting in the Cause of Truth
243. Did you not turn your vision to those who abandoned their homes, though they were thousands (in number), for fear of death? God said to them: "Die": Then He restored them to life. For God is full of bounty to mankind, but most of them are ungrateful. 244. Then fight in the cause of God, and know that God hears and knows all things. 245. Who is he that will loan to God a beautiful loan, which God will double unto his credit and multiply many times? It is God that gives (you) want or plenty, and to Him shall be your return.
246. Have you not turned your vision to the Chiefs of the Children of Israel after (the time of) Moses? They said to a prophet (that was) among them: "Appoint for us a king, that we may fight in the cause of God." He said: "Is it not possible, if you were commanded to fight, that that you will not fight?" They said: "How could we refuse to fight in the cause of God, seeing that we were turned out of our homes and our families?" but when they were commanded to fight, they turned back, except a small band among them. But God has full knowledge of those who do wrong. 247. Their Prophet said to them: "(God) has appointed Saul the King over you." They said: "How can he exercise authority over us when we are better fitted than he to exercise authority, and he is not even gifted with wealth in abundance?" He said: "(God) has chosen him above you, and has gifted him abundantly with knowledge and bodily prowess: God grants His authority to whom He pleases. God cares for all, and He knows all things." 248. And (further) their Prophet said to them: "A Sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the covenant, with (an assurance) therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this is a symbol for you if you indeed have faith."
Who is he that will loan to God a beautiful loan, which God will double unto his credit and multiply many times? It is God that gives (you) want or plenty, and to Him shall be your return. (2:245)
Section 33: Fighting in the Cause of Truth
249. When Saul the King set forth with the armies, he said: "(God) will test you at the stream: if any drinks of its water, he goes not with my army: Only those who taste not of it go with me: A mere sip out of the hand is excused." but they all drank of it, except a few. When they crossed the river, - He and the faithful ones with him, - they said: "This day we cannot cope with Goliath and his forces." But those who were convinced that they must meet God, said: "How often, by God’s will, has a small force vanquished a big one? God is with those who steadfastly persevere." 250. When they advanced to meet Goliath and his forces, they prayed: "Our Lord! Pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm: Help us against those that reject faith." 251. By God’s will they routed them; and David slew Goliath; and God gave him power and wisdom and taught him whatever (else) He willed. And did not God check one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of mischief: But God is full of bounty to all the worlds. 252. These are the Signs of God. We rehearse them to you in truth: verily you are one of the messengers.
253. Those messengers We endowed with gifts, some above others: To one of them God spoke; others He raised to degrees (of honor); to Jesus the son of Mary We gave clear (Signs), and strengthened him with the holy spirit. If God had so willed, succeeding generations would not have fought among each other, after clear (Signs) had come to them, but they (chose) to wrangle, some believing and others rejecting. If God had so willed, they would not have fought each other; but God fulfills His plan.
...to Jesus the son of Mary We gave clear (Signs), and strengthened him with the holy spirit. (2:253)
Section 34: Compulsion in Religion is Forbidden
254. O you who believe! Spend out of (the bounties) We have provided for you, before the Day comes when no bargaining (will avail), nor friendship, nor intercession. Those who reject Faith, they are the wrongdoers.
255. God. There is no god but He, - the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permits? He knows what (appears to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass anything of His knowledge except as He wills. His Throne do extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them, for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).
256. Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from error: whoever rejects evil and believes in God has grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And God hears and knows all things. 257. God is the Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light. Of those who reject faith the patrons are the evil ones: from light, they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (forever).
Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from error: whoever rejects evil and believes in God has grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And God hears and knows all things. (2:256)
Section 35: How Dead Nations are Raised to Life
258. Have you not turned your vision to one who disputed with Abraham about his Lord, because God had granted him power? Abraham said: "My Lord is He who gives life and death." He said: "I give life and death". Said Abraham: "But it is God that causes the sun to rise from the east: Do you then cause it to rise from the west." Thus, was he confounded who (in arrogance) rejected faith. Nor does God give guidance to a people unjust. 259. Or (take) the similitude of one who passed by a hamlet, all in ruins to its roofs. He said: "Oh! How shall God bring it (ever) to life, after (this) its death?" But God caused him to die for a hundred years, then raised him up (again). He said: "How long did you tarry (thus)?" He said: (Perhaps) a day or part of a day." He said: "No, you have tarried thus a hundred years; but look at your food and your drink; they show no signs of age; and look at your donkey: And that We may make of you a sign unto the people, look further at the bones, how We bring them together and clothe them with flesh." When this was shown clearly to him, he said: "I know that God has power over all things." 260. Behold! Abraham said: "My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead." He said: "Do you not then believe?" He said: "Yea! but to satisfy my own undertaking." He said: "Take four birds; tame them to turn to you; put a portion of them on every hill and call to them: They will come to you (flying) with speed. Then know that God is Exalted in Power, Wise."
Section 36: Spending Money in the Cause of Truth
261. The parable of those who spend their substance in the way of God is that of a grain of corn: it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. God gives manifold increase to whom He pleases: And God cares for all and He knows all things. 262. Those who spend their substance in the cause of God, and follow not up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, - for them their reward is with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 263. Kind words and the covering of faults are better than charity followed by injury. God is free of all wants, and He is Most-Forbearing. 264. O you who believe! Cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury, - like those who spend their substance to be seen of men, but believe neither in God nor in the Last Day. They are in parable like a hard, barren rock, on which is a little soil: on it falls heavy rain, which leaves it (just) a bare stone. They will be able to do nothing with what they have earned. And God guides not those who reject faith. 265. And the likeness of those who spend their substance, seeking to please God and to strengthen their souls, is as a garden, high and fertile: heavy rain falls on it but makes it yield a double increase of harvest, and if it receives not heavy rain, light moisture suffices it. God sees well whatever you do. 266. Does any of you wish that he should have a garden with date-palms, and vines and streams flowing underneath, and all kinds of fruit, while he is stricken with old age, and his children are not strong (enough to look after themselves) - that it should be caught in a whirlwind, with fire therein, and be burnt up? Thus, does God make clear to you (His) Signs; that you may consider.
The parable of those who spend their substance in the way of God is that of a grain of corn: it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. God gives manifold increase to whom He pleases: And God cares for all and He knows all things. (2:261)
Section 37: Spending in the Cause of Truth
267. O you who believe! Give of the good things which you have (honorably) earned, and of the fruits of the earth which We have produced for you, and do not even aim at getting anything which is bad, in order that out of it you may give away something, when you yourselves would not receive it except with closed eyes. And know that God is Free of all wants, and worthy of all praise. 268. The Evil one threatens you with poverty and bids you to conduct unseemly. God promises you His forgiveness and bounties. And God cares for all and He knows all things. 269. He grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the Message but men of understanding. 270. And whatever you spend in charity or devotion, be sure God knows it all. But the wrongdoers have no helpers. 271. If you disclose (acts of) charity, even so it is well, but if you conceal them, and make them reach those (really) in need, that is best for you: It will remove from you some of your (stains of) evil. And God is well acquainted with what you do. 272. It is not required of you (O Messenger), to set them on the right path, but God sets on the right path whom He pleases. Whatever of good you give benefits your own souls, and you shall only do so seeking the "Face" of God. Whatever good you give, shall be rendered back to you, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly. 273. (Charity is) for those in need, who, in God’s cause are restricted (from travel), and cannot move about in the land, seeking (for trade or work): the ignorant man thinks, because of their modesty, that they are free from want. You shall know them by their (unfailing) mark: They beg not importunately from all the sundry. And whatever of good you give, be assured God knows it well.
If you disclose (acts of) charity, even so it is well, but if you conceal them, and make them reach those (really) in need, that is best for you: It will remove from you some of your (stains of) evil. And God is well acquainted with what you do. (2:271)
Section 38: Usury Prohibited
274. Those who (in charity) spend of their goods by night and by day, in secret and in public, have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 275. Those who devour usury will not stand except as stand one whom the Evil one by his touch has driven to madness. That is because they say: "Trade is like usury," but God has permitted trade and forbidden usury. Those who after receiving direction from their Lord, desist, shall be pardoned for the past; their case is for God (to judge); but those who repeat (the offence) are companions of the Fire: They will abide therein (forever). 276. God will deprive usury of all blessing, but will give increase for deeds of charity: For He loves not creatures ungrateful and wicked. 277. Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and regular charity, will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and regular charity, will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (2:277)
Section 39: Contracts and Evidence
278. O you who believe! Fear God, and give up what remains of your demand for usury, if you are indeed believers. 279. If you do it not, take notice of war from God and His Messenger. But if you turn back, you shall have your capital sums: Deal not unjustly, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly. 280. If the debtor is in a difficulty, grant him time till it is easy for him to repay. But if you remit it by way of charity, that is best for you if you only knew. 281. And fear the Day when you shall be brought back to God. Then shall every soul be paid what it earned, and none shall be dealt with unjustly.
282. O you who believe! When you deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing. Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties: let not the scribe refuse to write: as God has taught him, so let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate, but let him fear His Lord God, and not diminish anything of what he owes. If the party liable is mentally deficient, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, let his guardian dictate faithfully, and get two witnesses, out of your own men, and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as you choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (for evidence). Disdain not to reduce to writing (your contract) for a future period, whether it be small or big: it is more just in the sight of God, more suitable as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves. But if it be a transaction which you carry out on the spot among yourselves, there is no blame on you if you reduce it not to writing. But take witness whenever you make a commercial contract; and let neither scribe nor witness suffer harm. If you do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So, fear God; for it is God that teaches you. And God is well acquainted with all things. 283. If you are on a journey, and cannot find a scribe, a pledge with possession (may serve the purpose). And if one of you deposits a thing on trust with another, let the trustee (faithfully) discharge his trust, and let him fear his Lord. Conceal not evidence; for whoever conceals it, - his heart is tainted with sin. And God Knows all that you do.
Section 40: Muslims Shall be Made Victorious
284. To God belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth. Whether you show what is in your mind or conceal it, God calls you to account for it. He forgives whom He pleases, and punishes whom He pleases, for God has power over all things. 285. The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believes in God, His angels, His books, and His messengers. "We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His messengers." And they say: "We hear, and we obey: (We seek) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the end of all journeys." 286. On no soul does God place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns, and it suffers every ill that it earns. (Pray:) "Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector; Help us against those who stand against faith."
On no soul does God place a burden greater than it can bear. (2:286)