Chapter 7: The Heights

Greek Villa

SECTION 1: Opponents' Doom

In the name of God,

Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. Alif, Lam, Mim, Sad. 2. A Book revealed unto you, – So let your heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account, – that with it you might warn (the erring) and teach the Believers). 3. Follow (O men!) the revelation given unto you from your Lord, and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him. Little it is you remember of admonition.

 

4. How many towns have We destroyed (for their sins)? Our punishment took them on a sudden by night or while they slept for their afternoon rest. 5. When (thus) Our punishment took them, no cry did they utter but this: "Indeed we did wrong."

 

6. Then shall We question those to whom Our message was sent and those by whom We sent it. 7. And verily, We shall recount their whole story with knowledge, for We were never absent (at any time or place). 8. The balance that day will be true (to nicety): those whose scale (of good) will be heavy, will prosper: 9. Those whose scale will be light, will be their souls in perdition, for that they wrongfully treated Our signs. 10. It is We Who have placed you with authority on earth, and provided you therein with means for the fulfilment of your life: small are the thanks that you give!

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Follow (O men!) the revelation given unto you from your Lord, and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him... (7:3)

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SECTION 2: The Devil's Opposition to Man

 

11. It is We Who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels bow down to Adam, and they bowed down; not so Satan; he refused to be of those who bow down. 12. (God) said: "What prevented you from bowing down when I commanded you?" He said: "I am better than he: You did create me from fire, and him from clay." 13. (God) said: "Get you down from this: it is not for you to be arrogant here: get out, for you are of the meanest (of creatures)." 14. He said: "Give me respite till the day they are raised up." 15. (God) said: "Be you among those who have respite." 16. He said: "Because you have thrown me out of the way, lo! I will lie in wait for them on your Straight Way: 17. "Then will I assault them from before them and behind them, from their right and their left: Nor will you find, in most of them, gratitude (for your mercies)." 18. (God) said: "Get out from this, disgraced and expelled. If any of them follow you, – Hell will I fill with you all.

 

19. "O Adam! dwell you and your wife in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as you wish: but approach not this tree, or you run into harm and transgression." 20. Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, bringing openly before their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before): he said: "Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest you should become angels or such beings as live forever." 21. And he swore to them both, that he was their sincere adviser. 22. So by deceit he brought about their fall: when they tasted of the tree, their shame became manifest to them, and they began to sew together the leaves of the garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them: "Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?" 23. They said: "Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If you forgive us not and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be lost." 24. (God) said: "Get you down. With enmity between yourselves. On Earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood, – for a time." 25. He said: "Therein shall you live, and therein shall you die; but from it shall you be taken out (at last)."

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It is We Who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels bow down to Adam, and they bowed down; not so Satan; he refused to be of those who bow down. (7:11)

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SECTION 3: Warning Against the Devil's Insinuations

 

26. O you children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness, – that is the best. Such are among the Signs of God, that they may receive admonition! 27. O you children of Adam! Let not Satan seduce you, in the same manner as he got your parents out of the Garden, stripping them of their raiment, to expose their shame: for he and his tribe watch you from a position where you cannot see them: We made the evil ones friends (only) to those without faith.

 

28. When they do anything that is shameful, they say: "We found our fathers doing so"; and "(God) commanded us thus": Say: "No, God never commands what is shameful: do you say of God what you know not?" 29. Say: "My Lord has commanded justice; and that you set your whole selves (to Him) at every time and place of prayer, and call upon Him, making your devotion sincere as in His sight: such as He created you in the beginning, so shall you return." 30. Some He has guided: Others have (by their choice) deserved the loss of their way; in that they took the evil ones, in preference to God, for their friends and protectors, and think that they receive guidance. 31. O children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for God loves not the wasters.

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O children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for God loves not the wasters. (7:31)

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SECTION 4: Messengers Sent for Uplift of Humanity

 

32. Say: Who has forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of God, which He has produced for His servants, and the things, clean and pure, (which He has provided) for sustenance? Say: They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) purely for them on the Day of Judgment. Thus do We explain the signs in detail for those who understand. 33. Say: the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are: shameful deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to God, for which He has given no authority; and saying things about God of which you have no knowledge.

 

34. To every people is a term appointed: when their term is reached, not an hour can they cause delay, nor (an hour) can they advance (it in anticipation). 35. O you Children of Adam! whenever there come to you Messengers from amongst you, rehearsing My signs unto you, – those who are righteous and mend (their lives), – on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve. 36. But those who reject Our signs and treat them with arrogance, – they are companions of the Fire, to dwell therein (forever). 37. Who is more unjust than one who invents a lie against God or rejects His Signs? For such, their portion appointed must reach them from the Book (of decrees): until, when our messengers (of death) arrive and take their souls, they say: "Where are the things that you used to invoke besides God." They will reply, "They have left us in the lurch," And they will bear witness against themselves, that they had rejected God. 38. He will say: "Enter you in the company of the peoples who passed away before you – men and jinns, – into the Fire." Every time a new people enters, it curses its sister-people (that went before), until they follow each other, all into the Fire. Says the last about the first: "Our Lord! it is these that misled us: so give them a double penalty in the Fire." He will say: "Doubled for all": but this you do not understand. 39. Then the first will say to the last: "See then! No advantage have you over us; so taste you of the penalty for all that you did!"

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O you Children of Adam! whenever there come to you Messengers from amongst you, rehearsing My signs unto you, – those who are righteous and mend (their lives), – on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve. (7:35)

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SECTION 5: Those Who Accept the Message

 

40. To those who reject Our signs and treat them with arrogance, no opening will there be of the gates of heaven, nor will they enter the garden, until the camel can pass through the eye of the needle: Such is Our reward for those in sin. 41. For them there is Hell, as a couch (below) and folds and folds of covering above: such is Our requital of those who do wrong.

 

42. But those who believe and work righteousness, – no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear, – they will be Companions of the Garden, therein to dwell (forever). 43. And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury; – beneath them will be rivers flowing; – and they shall say: "Praise be to God, who has guided us to this (felicity): never could we have found guidance, had it not been for the guidance of God. Indeed it was the truth, that the Messengers of our Lord brought unto us." And they shall hear the cry: "Behold! the garden before you! You have been made its inheritors, for your deeds (of righteousness)." 44. The Companions of the Garden will call out to the Companions of the Fire: "We have indeed found the promises of our Lord to us true: Have you also found Your Lord's promises true?" They shall say, "Yes"; but a crier shall proclaim between them: "The curse of God is on the wrong-doers; – 45. "Those who would hinder (men) from the path of God and would seek in it something crooked: they were those who denied the Hereafter." 46. Between them shall be a veil, and on the heights will be men who would know everyone by his marks: they will call out to the Companions of the Garden, "peace on you": they will not have entered, but they will have an assurance (thereof). 47. When their eyes shall be turned towards the Companions of the Fire, they will say: "Our Lord! send us not to the company of the wrong-doers."

 

SECTION 6: Helplessness of Opponents

 

48. The men on the heights will call to certain men whom they will know from their marks, saying: "Of what profit to you were your hoards and your arrogant ways? 49. "Behold! are these not the men whom you swore that God with His Mercy would never bless? Enter you the Garden: no fear shall be on you, nor shall you grieve." 50. The Companions of the Fire will call to the Companions of the Garden: "Pour down to us water or anything that God does provide for your sustenance." They will say: "Both these things has God forbidden to those who rejected Him." 51. "Such as took their religion to be mere amusement and play, and were deceived by the life of the world." That Day shall We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this day of theirs, and as they were wont to reject Our signs. 52. For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail, – a guide and a mercy to all who believe. 53. Do they just wait for the final fulfilment of the Event? On the Day the Event is finally fulfilled, those who disregarded it before will say: "The Messengers of our Lord did indeed bring true (tidings). Have we no intercessors now to intercede on our behalf? Or could we be sent back? Then should we behave differently from our behavior in the past." In fact they will have lost their souls, and the things they invented will leave them in the lurch.

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For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail, – a guide and a mercy to all who believe. (7:52)

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SECTION 7: The Righteous Will Prosper

54. Your Guardian-Lord is God, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draws the night as a veil over the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be God, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds! 55. Call on your Lord with humility and in private: for God loves not those who trespass beyond bounds. 56. Do no mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, but call on Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the Mercy of God is (always) near to those who do good. 57. It is He Who sends the winds like heralds of glad tidings, going before His mercy: when they have carried the heavy-laden clouds, We drive them to a land that is dead, make rain to descend thereon, and produce every kind of harvest therewith: thus shall We raise up the dead: perchance you may remember. 58. From the land that is clean and good, by the will of its Cherisher, springs up produce, (rich) after its kind: but from the land that is bad, springs up nothing but that which is niggardly: thus do We explain the signs by various (symbols) to those who are grateful.

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...He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be God, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds! (7:54)

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SECTION 8: Prophet Noah

59. We sent Noah to his people. He said: "O my people! worship God; you have no other god but Him. I fear for you the punishment of a Dreadful Day! 60. The leaders of his people said: "Ah! we see you evidently wandering (in mind)." 61. He said: "O my people! No wandering is there in my (mind): on the contrary, I am a Messenger from the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds! 62. "I but fulfill towards you the duties of my Lord's mission: Sincere is my advice to you, and I know from God something that you know not. 63. "Do you wonder that there has come to you a message from your Lord, through a man of your own people, to warn you, – so that you may fear God and haply receive His Mercy?" 64. But they rejected him, and We delivered him, and those with him, in the Ark: but We overwhelmed in the flood those who rejected Our signs. They were indeed a blind people!

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We sent Noah to his people. He said: "O my people! worship God; you have no other god but Him. I fear for you the punishment of a Dreadful Day! (7:59)

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SECTION 9: Prophet Eber

65. To the 'Ad people, (We sent) Eber, one of their (own) brethren: He said: O my people! worship God; you have no other god but Him; will you not fear (God)?" 66. The leaders of the Unbelievers among his people said: "Ah! we see you are an imbecile!" and "We think you are a liar!" 67. He said: "O my people! I am no imbecile, but (I am) a Messenger from the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds! 68. "I but fulfill towards you the duties of my Lord's mission: I am to you a sincere and trustworthy adviser. 69. "Do you wonder that there has come to you a message from your Lord through a man of your own people, to warn you? Call in remembrance that He made you inheritors after the people of Noah, and gave you a stature tall among the nations. Call in remembrance the benefits (you have received) from God; that you may prosper." 70. They said: "Come you to us, that we may worship God alone, and give up the cult of our fathers? Bring us what you threaten us with, if so be that you tell the truth!" 71. He said: "Punishment and wrath have already come upon you from your Lord: dispute you with me over names which you have devised – you and your fathers, – without authority from God. then wait: I am amongst you, also waiting." 72. We saved him and those who adhered to him. By Our mercy, and We cut off the roots of those who rejected Our signs and did not believe.

 

SECTION 10: Prophets Saleh and Lot

 

73. To the Thamud people (We sent) Saleh, one of their own brethren: He said: "O my people! worship God; you have no other god but Him. Now has come unto you a clear (Sign) from your Lord! This she-camel of God is a Sign unto you: So leave her to graze in God’s earth, and let her come to no harm, or you shall be seized with a grievous punishment. 74. "And remember how He made you inheritors after the 'Ad people and gave you habitations in the land: you build for yourselves palaces and castles in (open) plains, and carve out homes in the mountains; so bring to remembrance the benefits (you have received) from God, and refrain from evil and mischief on the earth." 75. The leaders of the arrogant party among his people said to those who were reckoned powerless – those among them who believed: "Know you indeed that Saleh is a Messenger from his Lord?" They said: "We do indeed believe in the revelation which has been sent through him." 76. The arrogant party said: "For our part, we reject what you believe in." 77. Then they hamstrung the she-camel, and insolently defied the order of their Lord, saying: "O Saleh! Bring about your threats, if you are a Messenger (of God)!" 78. So the earthquake took them unaware, and they lay prostrate in their homes in the morning! 79. So Saleh left them, saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel, but you love not good counselors!"

 

80. We also (sent) Lot: He said to his people: "Do you commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you? 81. "For you practice your lusts on men in preference to women: you are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds." 82. And his people gave no answer but this: they said, "Drive them out of your city: these are indeed men who want to be clean and pure!" 83. But We saved him and his family, except his wife: she was of those who lagged behind. 84. And We rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): Then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime!

 

SECTION 11: Prophet Shu'aib

 

85. To the Madyan people We sent Shu'aib, one of their own brethren: he said: "O my people! worship God; you have no other god but Him. Now has come unto you a clear (Sign) from your Lord! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you, if you have Faith. 86. "And squat not on every road, breathing threats, hindering from the path of God those who believe in Him, and seeking in it something crooked; But remember how you were little, and He gave you increase. And hold in your mind's eye what was the end of those who did mischief. 87. "And if there is a party among you who believes in the message with which I have been sent, and a party which does not believe, hold yourselves in patience until God does decide between us: for He is the best to decide.

 

PART IX

 

88. The leaders, the arrogant party among his people, said: "O Shu'aib! we shall certainly drive you out of our city – (you) and those who believe with you; or else you (you and they) shall have to return to our ways and religion." He said: "What! even though we do detest (them)? 89. "We should indeed invent a lie against God, if we returned to your ways after God has rescued us therefrom; nor could we by any manner of means return thereto unless it be as in the will and plan of God, Our Lord. Our Lord can reach out to the utmost recesses of things by His knowledge. In God is our trust; our Lord! decide You between us and our people in truth, for You are the best to decide." 90. The leaders of the unbelievers among his people said: "If you follow Shu'aib, be sure then you are ruined!" 91. But the earthquake took them unaware, and they lay prostrate in their homes before the morning! 92. The men who reject Shu'aib became as if they had never been in the homes where they had flourished: the men who rejected Shu'aib – it was they who were ruined! 93. So Shu'aib left them, saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel, but how shall I lament over a people who refuse to believe!"

 

SECTION 12: Makkans Warned of Punishment

 

94. Whenever We sent a prophet to a town, We took up its people in suffering and adversity, in order that they might learn humility. 95. Then We changed their suffering into prosperity, until they grew and multiplied, and began to say: "Our fathers (too) were touched by suffering and affluence" ... Behold! We called them to account of a sudden, while they realized not (their peril). 96. If the people of the towns had but believed and feared God, We should indeed have opened out to them (all kinds of) blessings from heaven and earth; but they rejected (the truth), and We brought them to book for their misdeeds. 97. Did the people of the towns feel secure against the coming of Our wrath by night while they were asleep? 98. Or else did they feel secure against its coming in broad daylight while they played about (care-free)? 99. Did they then feel secure against the plan of God – but no one can feel secure from the Plan of God, except those (doomed) to ruin!

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If the people of the towns had but believed and feared God, We should indeed have opened out to them (all kinds of) blessings from heaven and earth; but they rejected (the truth), and We brought them to book for their misdeeds. (7:96)

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SECTION 13: Moses Sent to Pharaoh with Signs

 

100. To those who inherit the earth in succession to its (previous) possessors, is it not a guiding, (lesson) that, if We so willed, We could punish them (too) for their sins, and seal up their hearts so that they could not hear? 101. Such were the towns whose story We (thus) relate unto you: There came indeed to them their Messengers with clear (signs): But they would not believe what they had rejected before. Thus does God seal up the hearts of those who reject faith. 102. Most of them We found not men (true) to their covenant: but most of them We found rebellious and disobedient.

 

103. Then after them We sent Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they wrongfully rejected them: So see what was the end of those who made mischief. 104. Moses said: "O Pharaoh! I am a Messenger from the Lord of the worlds, – 105. One for whom it is right to say nothing but truth about God. Now have I come unto you (people), from your Lord, with a clear (Sign): So let the Children of Israel depart along with me." 106. (Pharaoh) said: "If indeed you have come with a Sign, show it forth, – if you tell the truth." 107. Then (Moses) threw his rod, and behold! it was a serpent, plain (for all to see)! 108. And he drew out his hand, and behold! it was white to all beholders!

 

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Moses said: "O Pharaoh! I am a Messenger from the Lord of the worlds, – (7:104)

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SECTION 14: Pharaoh Summons Enchanters

 

109. Said the Chiefs of the people of Pharaoh: "This is indeed a sorcerer well-versed. 110. "His plan is to get you out of your land: then what is it you counsel?" 111. They said: "Keep him and his brother in suspense (for a while); and send to the cities men to collect – 112. And bring up to you all (our) sorcerers well-versed."

 

113. So there came the sorcerers to Pharaoh: They said, "Of course we shall have a (suitable) reward if we win!" 114. He said: "Yes, (and more), – for you shall in that case be (raised to posts) nearest (to my person)." 115. They said: "O Moses! will you throw (first), or shall we have the (first) throw?" 116. Said Moses: "Throw you (first)." So when they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people, and struck terror into them: for they showed a great (feat of) magic. 117. We put it into Moses's mind by inspiration: "Throw (now) your rod": and behold! it swallows up straight away all the falsehoods which they fake! 118. Thus truth was confirmed, and all that they did was made of no effect. 119. So the (great ones) were vanquished there and then, and were made to look small.

 

120. But the sorcerers fell down prostrate in adoration. 121. Saying: "We believe in the Lord of the Worlds, – 122. "The Lord of Moses and Aaron." 123. Said Pharaoh: "Believe you in Him before I give you permission? Surely this is a trick which you have planned in the city to drive out its people: but soon shall you know (the consequences). 124. "Be sure I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will cause you all to die on the cross." 125. They said: "For us, We are but sent back unto our Lord: 126. "But you do wreak your vengeance on us simply because we believed in the Signs of our Lord when they reached us! Our Lord! pour out on us patience and constancy, and take our souls unto You as who bow to Your will!

 

SECTION 15: Israelites' Persecution Continues

 

127. Said the chiefs of Pharaoh's people: "Will you leave Moses and his people, to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?" He said: "Their male children will we slay; (only) their females will we save alive; and we have over them (power) irresistible." 128. Said Moses to his people: "Pray for help from God, and (wait) in patience and constancy: for the earth is God’s, to give as a heritage to such of His servants as He pleases; and the end is (best) for the righteous. 129. They said: "We have had (nothing but) trouble, both before and after you came to us." He said: "It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you inheritors in the earth; that so He may try you by your deeds."

 

SECTION 16: Moses Shows More Signs

 

130. We punished the people of Pharaoh with years (of droughts) and shortness of crops; that they might receive admonition. 131. But when good (times) came, they said, "This is due to us;" When gripped by calamity, they ascribed it to evil omens connected with Moses and those with him! Behold! in truth the omens of evil are theirs in God’s sight, but most of them do not understand! 132. They said (to Moses): "Whatever be the Signs you bring to work therewith your sorcery on us, we shall never believe in you. 133. So We sent (plagues) on them: Wholesale death, locusts, lice, frogs, and blood: Signs openly self-explained: but they were steeped in arrogance, – a people given to sin. 134. Every time the penalty fell on them, they said: "O Moses! on your behalf call on your Lord in virtue of his promise to you: If you will remove the penalty from us, we shall truly believe in you, and we shall send away the Children of Israel with you." 135. But every time We removed the penalty from them according to a fixed term which they had to fulfil, – Behold! they broke their word! 136. So We exacted retribution from them: We drowned them in the sea, because they rejected Our Signs and failed to take warning from them. 137. And We made a people, considered weak (and of no account), inheritors of lands in both East and West, – lands whereon We sent down Our blessings. The fair promise of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because they had patience and constancy, and We levelled to the ground the great works and fine buildings which Pharaoh and his people erected (with such pride).

 

138. We took the Children of Israel (with safety) across the sea. They came upon a people devoted entirely to some idols they had. They said: "O Moses! fashion for us a god like unto the gods they have." He said: "Surely you are a people without knowledge. 139. "As to these folk, – the cult they are in is (but) a fragment of a ruin, and vain is the (worship) which they practice." 140. He said: "Shall I seek for you a god other than the (true) God, when it is God Who has endowed you with gifts above the nations?" 141. And remember We rescued you from Pharaoh's people, who afflicted you with the worst of penalties, who slew your male children and saved alive your females: in that was a momentous trial from your Lord.

 

SECTION 17: Moses Receives the Law

 

142. We appointed for Moses thirty nights, and completed (the period) with ten (more): thus was completed the term (of communion) with his Lord, forty nights. And Moses had charged his brother Aaron (before he went up): "Act for me amongst my people: Do right, and follow not the way of those who do mischief." 143. When Moses came to the place appointed by Us, and his Lord addressed him, he said: "O my Lord! show (Yourself) to me, that I may look upon You." God said: "By no means can you see Me (direct); But look upon the mount; if it abide in its place, then shall you see Me." When his Lord manifested His glory on the Mount, He made it as dust. And Moses fell down in a swoon. When he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to You! to You I turn in repentance, and I am the first to believe." 144. (God) said: "O Moses! I have chosen you above (other) men, by the mission I (have given you) and the words I (have spoken to you): take then the (revelation) which I give you, and be of those who give thanks." 145. And We ordained laws for him in the tablets in all matters, both commanding and explaining all things, (and said): "Take and hold these with firmness, and enjoin your people to hold fast by the best in the precepts: soon shall I show you the homes of the wicked, – (how they lie desolate)." 146. Those who behave arrogantly on the earth in defiance of right – them will I turn away from My signs: Even if they see all the signs, they will not believe in them; and if they see the way of right conduct, they will not adopt it as the way; but if they see the way of error, that is the way they will adopt. For they have rejected our signs, and failed to take warning from them. 147. Those who reject Our signs and the meeting in the Hereafter, – vain are their deeds: Can they expect to be rewarded except as they have wrought?

 

SECTION 18: Israelites Worship a Calf

 

148. The people of Moses made, in his absence, out of their ornaments, the image of calf, (for worship): it seemed to low: did they not see that it could neither speak to them, nor show them the way? They took it for worship and they did wrong. 149. When they repented and saw that they had erred, they said: "If our Lord have not mercy upon us and forgive us, we shall indeed be of those who perish." 150. When Moses came back to his people, angry and grieved, he said: "Evil it is that you have done in my place in my absence: did you make haste to bring on the judgment of your Lord?" He put down the tablets, seized his brother by (the hair of) his head, and dragged him to him. Aaron said: "Son of my mother! the people did indeed reckon me as nothing, and went near to slaying me! Make not the enemies rejoice over my misfortune, nor count you me amongst the people of sin." 151. Moses prayed: "O my Lord! forgive me and my brother! admit us to Your mercy! for You are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!"

 

SECTION 19: The Torah and the Prophet's Advent

 

152. Those who took the calf (for worship) will indeed be overwhelmed with wrath from their Lord, and with shame in this life: thus do We recompense those who invent (falsehoods). 153. But those who do wrong but repent thereafter and (truly) believe, – verily your Lord is thereafter Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 154. When the anger of Moses was appeased, he took up the tablets: in the writing thereon was guidance and Mercy for such as fear their Lord.

 

155. And Moses chose seventy of his people for Our place of meeting: when they were seized with violent quaking, he prayed: "O my Lord! if it had been Your will, You could have destroyed, long before, both them and me: would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? This is no more than Your trial: by it You cause whom You will to stray, and You lead whom You will into the right path. You are our Protector: so forgive us and give us Your mercy; for You are the best of those who forgive. 156. "And ordain for us that which is good, in this life and in the Hereafter: for we have turned unto You." He said: "With My punishment I visit whom I will; but My mercy extends to all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who do right, and practice regular charity, and those who believe in Our signs; – 157. "Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures), – in the law and the Gospel; – for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honor him, help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him, – it is they who will prosper."

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"And ordain for us that which is good, in this life and in the Hereafter: for we have turned unto You." He said: "With My punishment I visit whom I will; but My mercy extends to all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who do right, and practice regular charity, and those who believe in Our signs; – (7:156)

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SECTION 20: Divine Favors on the Israelites

 

158. Say: "O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of God, to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He that gives both life and death. So believe in God and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believes in God and His words: follow him that (so) you may be guided." 159. Of the people of Moses there is a section who guide and do justice in the light of truth. 160. We divided them into twelve tribes or nations. We directed Moses by inspiration, when his (thirsty) people asked him for water: "Strike the rock with your staff": out of it there gushed forth twelve springs: Each group knew its own place for water. We gave them the shade of clouds, and sent down to them manna and quails, (saying): "Eat of the good things We have provided for you": (but they rebelled); to Us they did no harm, but they harmed their own souls. 161. And remember it was said to them: "Dwell in this town and eat therein as you wish, but say the word of humility and enter the gate in a posture of humility: We shall forgive you your faults; We shall increase (the portion of) those who do good." 162. But the transgressors among them changed the word from that which had been given them so we sent on them a plague from heaven. For that they repeatedly transgressed.

 

SECTION 21: The Israelites' Transgressions

 

163. Ask them concerning the town standing close by the sea. Behold! they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath. For on the day of their Sabbath their fish did come to them, openly holding up their heads, but on the day they had no Sabbath, they came not: thus did We make a trial of them, for they were given to transgression. 164. When some of them said: "Why do you preach to a people whom God will destroy or visit with a terrible punishment?" – said the preachers: "To discharge our duty to your Lord, and perchance they may fear Him." 165. When they disregarded the warnings that had been given them, We rescued those who forbade Evil; but We visited the wrong-doers with a grievous punishment because they were given to transgression. 166. When in their insolence they transgressed (all) prohibitions, We said to them: "Be you apes, despised and rejected."

 

167. Behold! your Lord did declare that He would send against them, to the Day of Judgment, those who would afflict them with grievous penalty. Your Lord is quick in retribution, but He is also Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. 168. We broke them up into sections on this earth. There are among them some that are the righteous, and some that are the opposite. We have tried them with both prosperity and adversity: In order that they might turn (to us). 169. After them succeeded an (evil) generation: They inherited the Book, but they chose (for themselves) the vanities of this world, saying (for excuse): "(Everything) will be forgiven us." (Even so), if similar vanities came their way, they would (again) seize them. Was not the covenant of the Book taken from them, that they would not ascribe to God anything but the truth? And they study what is in the Book. But best for the righteous is the home in the Hereafter. Will you not understand? 170. As to those who hold fast by the Book and establish regular prayer, – never shall We suffer the reward of the righteous to perish. 171. When We shook the Mount over them, as if it had been a canopy, and they thought it was going to fall on them (We said): "Hold firmly to what We have given you, and bring (ever) to remembrance what is therein; perchance you may fear God."

 

SECTION 22: Evidence of Divine Impress on Man's Nature

 

172. When your Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?" – They said: "Yes! We do testify!" (This), lest you should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful": 173. Or lest you should say: "Our fathers before us may have taken false gods, but we are (their) descendants after them: will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who were futile?" 174. Thus do We explain the signs in detail; and perchance they may turn (unto Us).

 

175. Relate to them the story of the man to whom We sent Our signs, but he passed them by: so Satan followed him up, and he went astray. 176. If it had been Our will, We should have elevated him with Our signs; but he inclined to the earth, and followed his own vain desires. His similitude is that of a dog: if you attack him, he lolls out his tongue, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls out his tongue. That is the similitude of those who reject Our signs; so relate the story; perchance they may reflect. 177. Evil as an example are people who reject Our signs and wrong their own souls. 178. Whom God does guide, – he is on the right path: whom He rejects from His guidance, – such are the persons who perish. 179. Many are the Jinns and men We have made for Hell: They have hearts wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not, and ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle, – no, more misguided: for they are heedless (of warning).

 

180. The most beautiful names belong to God; so call on Him by them; but shun such men as use profanity in His names: for what they do, they will soon be requited.

 

181. Of those We have created are people who direct (others) with truth. And dispense justice therewith.

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Whom God does guide, – he is on the right path: whom He rejects from His guidance, – such are the persons who perish. (7:178)

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SECTION 23: The Coming of Doom

 

182. Those who reject Our signs, We shall gradually visit with punishment, in ways they perceive not; 183. Respite will I grant unto them: for My scheme is strong (and unfailing). 184. Do they not reflect? Their companion is not seized with madness: he is but a perspicuous warner. 185. Do they see nothing in the government of the heavens and the earth and all that God has created? (Do they not see) that it may well be that their terms is nigh drawing to an end? In what message after this will they then believe? 186. To such as God rejects from His guidance, there can be no guide: He will leave them in their trespasses, wandering in distraction.

 

187. They ask you about the (final) Hour – when will be its appointed time? Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (alone): None but He can reveal as to when it will occur. Heavy were its burden through the heavens and the earth. Only, all of a sudden will it come to you." They ask you as if you were eager in search thereof: Say: "The knowledge thereof is with God (alone), but most men know not." 188. Say: "I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as God wills. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have multiplied all good, and no evil should have touched me: I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith."

 

SECTION 24: The Final Word

 

189. It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united, she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy, they both pray to God their Lord, (saying): "If You give us a goodly child, we vow we shall (ever) be grateful." 190. But when He gives them a goodly child, they ascribe to others a share in the gift they have received: but God is exalted high above the partners they ascribe to Him. 191. Do they indeed ascribe to Him as partners things that can create nothing, but are themselves created? 192. No aid can they give them, nor can they aid themselves! 193. If you call them to guidance, they will not obey: For you it is the same whether you call them or you hold your peace!

 

194. Verily those whom you call upon besides God are servants like unto you: Call upon them, and let them listen to your prayer, if you are (indeed) truthful! 195. Have they feet to walk with? Or hands to lay hold with? Or eyes to see with? Or ears to hear with? Say: "Call your 'god-partners', scheme (your worst) against me, and give me no respite! 196. For my Protector is God, Who revealed the Book (from time to time), and He will choose and befriend the righteous. 197. But those you call upon besides Him, are unable to help you, and indeed to help themselves." 198. If you call them to guidance, they hear not. You will see them looking at you, but they see not.

 

199. Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; But turn away from the ignorant. 200. If a suggestion from Satan assail your (mind), seek refuge with God; for He hears and knows (all things). 201. Those who fear God, when a thought of evil from Satan assaults them, bring God to remembrance, when lo! they see (aright)!

 

202. But their brethren (the evil ones) plunge them deeper into error, and never relax (their efforts). 203. If you bring them not a revelation, they say: "Why have you not got it together?" Say: "I but follow what is revealed to me from my Lord: this is (nothing but) lights from your Lord, and Guidance, and mercy, for any who have faith."

 

204. When the Qur'an is read, listen to it with attention, and hold your peace: that you may receive Mercy. 205. And do you (O reader!) bring your Lord to remembrance in your (very) soul, with humility and in reverence, without loudness in words, in the mornings and evenings; and be not you of those who are unheedful. 206. Those who are near to your Lord, disdain not to do Him worship: They celebrate His praises and bow down before Him.

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For my Protector is God, Who revealed the Book (from time to time), and He will choose and befriend the righteous. (7:196)

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