Part 16

Camping in Mountains

Chapter 18: The Cave

75. He answered: “Did I not tell you that you can have no patience with me?” 76. (Moses) said: “If ever I ask you about anything after this, keep me not in your company: then would you have received (full) excuse from my side.”

 

77. Then they proceeded: until, when they came to the inhabitants of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused them hospitality. They found there a wall on the point of falling down, but he set it up straight. (Moses) said: “If you had wished, surely you could have exacted some recompense for it!” 78. He answered: “This is the parting between me and you: now will I tell you the interpretation of (those things) over which you were unable to hold patience.

 

79. “As for the boat, it belonged to certain men in dire want: they plied on the water: I but wished to render it unserviceable, for there was after them a certain king who seized on every boat by force. 80. As for the youth, his parents were people of Faith, and we feared that he would grieve them by obstinate rebellion and ingratitude (to God and man). 81. So we desired that their Lord would give them in exchange (a son) better in purity (of conduct) and closer in affection. 82. As for the wall, it belonged to two youths, orphans, in the Town; there was, beneath it, a buried treasure, to which they were entitled: their father had been a righteous man: so your Lord desired that they should attain their age of full strength and get out their treasure – a mercy (and favor) from your Lord. I did it not of my own accord. Such is the interpretation of (those things) over which you were unable to hold patience.”

 

SECTION 11: Dhul-Qarnayn and Gog and Magog

 

83. They ask you concerning Dhul-Qarnayn. Say, “I will rehearse to you something of his story.” 84. Verily We established his power on earth, and We gave him the ways and the means to all ends.

 

85. One (such) way he followed, 86. Until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it set in a spring of murky water: near it he found a people: We said: “O Dhul-Qarnayn! (You have authority,) either to punish them, or to treat them with kindness.” 87. He said: “Whoever does wrong, him shall we punish; then shall he be sent back to his Lord; and He will punish him with a punishment unheard of (before). 88. But whoever believes, and works righteousness, – he shall have a goodly reward, and easy will be his task as we order it by our command.”

 

89. Then followed he (another) way, 90. Until, when he came to the rising of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had provided no covering protection against the sun. 91. (He left them) as they were: We completely understood what was before him.

 

92. Then followed he (another) way, 93. Until, when he reached (a tract) between two mountains, he found, beneath them, a people who scarcely understood a word. 94. They said: “O Dhul-Qarnayn! The Gog and Magog (people) do great mischief on earth: shall we then render you tribute in order that you might erect a barrier between us and them? 95. He said: “(The power) in which my Lord has established me is better (than tribute): help me therefore with strength (and labor): I will erect a strong barrier between you and them: 96. Bring me blocks of iron.” At length, when he had filled up the space between the two steep mountain-sides, he said, “Blow (with your bellows).” Then, when he had made it (red) as fire, he said: “Bring me, that I may pour over it, molten lead.” 97. Thus were they made powerless to scale it or to dig through it. 98. He said: “This is a mercy from my Lord: but when the promise of my Lord comes to pass, He will make it into dust; and the promise of my Lord is true.”

 

99. On that Day We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another: the trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together. 100. And We shall present Hell that day for Unbelievers to see, all spread out, – 101. (Unbelievers) whose eyes had been under a veil from remembrance of Me, and who had been unable even to hear.

SECTION 12: Christian Nations

 

102. Do the Unbelievers think that they can take My servants as protectors besides Me? Verily We have prepared Hell for the Unbelievers for (their) entertainment. 103. Say: “Shall we tell you of those who lose most in respect of their deeds? – 104. Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life, while they thought that they were acquiring good by their works?” 105. They are those who deny the Signs of their Lord and the fact of their having to meet Him (in the Hereafter): vain will be their works, nor shall We, on the Day of Judgement, give them any weight. 106. That is their reward, Hell, because they rejected Faith, and took My Signs and My Messengers by way of jest.

 

107. As to those who believe and work righteous deeds, they have, for their entertainment, the Gardens of Paradise, 108. Wherein they shall dwell (forever): no change will they wish for from them. 109. Say: “If the ocean were ink (wherewith to write out) the words of my Lord, sooner would the ocean be exhausted than would the words of my Lord, even if we added another ocean like it, for its aid.” 110. Say: “I am but a man like yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your God is one God: whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and, in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner.”

Chapter 19: Mary

SECTION 1: Zakarīyā and John

 

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. Kāf Hā Yā ‘Ayn Ṣād. 2. (This is) a recital of the Mercy of your Lord to His servant Zechariah. 3. Behold! he cried to his Lord in secret, 4. Praying: “O my Lord! Infirm indeed are my bones, and the hair of my head does glisten with grey: but never am I unblest, O my Lord, in my prayer to You! 5. Now I fear (what) my relatives (and colleagues) (will do) after me: but my wife is barren: so give me an heir as from Yourself,— 6. (One that) will (truly) represent me, and represent the posterity of Jacob; and make him, O my Lord! one with whom You are well-pleased!” 7. (His prayer was answered): “O Zecharia! We give you good news of a son: his name shall be John the Baptist: on none by that name have We conferred distinction before.” 8. He said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son, when my wife is barren and I have grown quite decrepit from old age?” 9. He said: “So (it will be): your Lord says, ‘that is easy for Me: I did indeed create you before, when you had been nothing!’”10. (Zechariah) said: “O my Lord! Give me a Sign.” “Your Sign,” was the answer, “shall be that you shall speak to no man for three nights, although you are not dumb.” 11. So Zechariah came out to his people from his chamber: he told them by signs to celebrate God’s praises in the morning and in the evening.

 

12. (To his son came the command): “O John the Baptist! Take hold of the Book with might”: and We gave him Wisdom even as a youth, 13. And piety (for all creatures) as from Us, and purity: he was devout, 14. And kind to his parents, and he was not overbearing or rebellious. 15. So Peace on him the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised up to life (again)!

SECTION 2: Mary and Jesus

 

16. Relate in the Book (the story of) Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the East. 17. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects. 18. She said: “I seek refuge from you to (God) Most Gracious: (come not near) if you do fear God.” 19. He said: “No, I am only a messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a holy son.” 20. She said: “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?” 21. He said: “So (it will be): your Lord says, ‘that is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us’: it is a matter (so) decreed.”

 

22. So she conceived him, and she retired with him to a remote place. 23. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree: she cried (in her anguish): “Ah! Would that I had died before this! Would that I had been a thing forgotten and out of sight!” 24. But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the (palm tree): “Grieve not! for your Lord has provided a rivulet beneath you; 25. And shake towards yourself the trunk of the palm tree: it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. 26. So eat and drink and cool (thine) eye. And if you do see any man, say, ‘I have vowed a fast to (God) Most Gracious, and this day will I enter into no talk with any human being’”

 

27. At length she brought the (baby) to her people, carrying him (in her arms). They said: “O Mary! Truly an amazing thing have you brought! 28. O sister of Aaron! Your father was not a man of evil, nor your mother a woman unchaste!” 29. But she pointed to the baby. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?” 30. He said: “I am indeed a servant of God: He has given me revelation and made me a prophet; 31. And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer and charity as long as I live; 32. (He) has made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing or miserable; 33. So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)”!

34. Such (was) Jesus the son of Mary: (it is) a statement of truth, about which they (vainly) dispute. 35. It is not befitting to (the majesty of) God that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! When He determines a matter, He only says to it, “Be”, and it is. 36. Verily God is my Lord and your Lord: Him therefore serve you: this is a Way that is straight. 37. But the sects differ among themselves: and woe to the unbelievers because of the (coming) Judgement of a momentous Day! 38. How plainly will they see and hear, the Day that they will appear before Us! But the unjust today are in error manifest! 39. But warn them of the Day of Distress, when the matter will be determined: for (behold,) they are negligent and they do not believe! 40. It is We Who will inherit the earth, and all beings thereon: to Us will they all be returned.

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And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer and charity as long as I live. (19:31)

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SECTION 3: Abraham

 

41. (Also) mention in the Book (the story of) Abraham: he was a man of Truth, a prophet. 42. Behold, he said to his father: “O my father! Why worship that which hears not and sees not, and can profit you nothing? 43. O my father! To me has come knowledge which has not reached you: so follow me: I will guide you to a Way that is even and straight. 44. O my father! Serve not Satan: for Satan is a rebel against (God) Most Gracious. 45. O my father! I fear lest a Penalty afflict you from (God) Most Gracious, so that you become to Satan a friend.” 46. (The father) replied: “Do you hate my gods, O Abraham? If you forbear not, I will indeed stone you: now get away from me for a good long while!” 47. Abraham said: “Peace be on you: I will pray to my Lord for your forgiveness: for He is to me Most Gracious. 48. And I will turn away from you (all) and from those whom you invoke besides God: I will call on my Lord: perhaps, by my prayer to my Lord, I shall be not unblest.” 49. When he had turned away from them and from those whom they worshipped besides God, We bestowed on him Isaac and Jacob, and each one of them We made a prophet. 50. And We bestowed of Our Mercy on them, and We granted them lofty honor on the tongue of truth.

 

SECTION 4: Other Prophets are Raised

 

51. Also mention in the Book (the story of) Moses: for he was specially chosen, and he was a messenger (and) a prophet. 52. And We called him from the right side of Mount (Sinai), and made him draw near to Us, for mystic (converse). 53. And, out of Our Mercy, We gave him his brother Aaron, (also) a prophet.

54. Also mention in the Book (the story of) Ishmael: he was (strictly) true to what he promised, and he was a messenger (and) a prophet. 55. He used to enjoin on his people prayer and charity, and he was most acceptable in the sight of his Lord.

56. Also mention in the Book the case of Enoch: he was a man of truth (and sincerity), (and) a prophet: 57. And We raised him to a lofty station.

58. Those were some of the prophets on whom God did bestow His Grace, — of the posterity of Adam, and of those who We carried (in the Ark) with Noah, and of the posterity of Abraham and Israel — of those whom We guided and chose. Whenever the Signs of (God) Most Gracious were rehearsed to them, they would fall down in prostrate adoration and in tears. 59. But after them there followed a posterity who missed prayers and followed after lusts; soon, then, will they face Destruction, — 60. Except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness: for these will enter the Garden and will not be wronged in the least,—61. Gardens of Eternity, those which (God) Most Gracious has promised to His servants in the Unseen: for His promise must (necessarily) come to pass. 62. They will not there hear any vain discourse, but only salutations of Peace: and they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening. 63. Such is the Garden which We give as an inheritance to those of Our servants who guard against evil.

64. (The angels say:) “We descend not but by command of your Lord: to Him belongs what is before us and what is behind us, and what is between: and your Lord never does forget, — 65. Lord of the heavens and of the earth, and of all that is between them; so worship Him, and be constant and patient in His worship: know you of any who is worthy of the same name as He?”

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Those were some of the prophets on whom God did bestow His Grace, — of the posterity of Adam, and of those who We carried (in the Ark) with Noah, and of the posterity of Abraham and Israel — of those whom We guided and chose. Whenever the Signs of (God) Most Gracious were rehearsed to them, they would fall down in prostrate adoration and in tears. (19:58)

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SECTION 5: How the Opponents are Dealt With

66. Man says: “What! When I am dead, shall I then be raised up alive?” 67. But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of nothing? 68. So, by your Lord, without doubt, We shall gather them together, and (also) the Evil Ones (with them); then shall We bring them forth on their knees round about Hell; 69. Then shall We certainly drag out from every sect all those who were worst in obstinate rebellion against (God) Most Gracious. 70. And certainly We know best those who are most worthy of being burned therein. 71. Not one of you but will pass over it: this is, with your Lord, a Decree which must be accomplished. 72. But We shall save those who guarded against evil, and We shall leave the wrong-doers therein, (humbled) to their knees.

 

73. When Our clear Signs are rehearsed to them, the Unbelievers say to those who believe, “Which of the two sides is best in point of position? Which makes the best show in council?” 74. But how many (countless) generations before them have We destroyed, who were even better in equipment and in glitter to the eye? 75. Say: “If any men go astray, (God) Most Gracious extends (the rope) to them, until, when they see the warning of God (being fulfilled)—either in punishment or in (the approach of) the Hour,—they will at length realize who is worst in position, and (who) weakest in forces! 76. And God does advance in guidance those who seek guidance: and the things that endure, good deeds, are best in the sight of your Lord, as rewards, and best in respect of (their) eventual returns.”

 

77. Have you then seen the (sort of) man who rejects Our Signs, yet says: “I shall certainly be given wealth and children?” 78. Has he penetrated to the Unseen, or has he taken a contract with (God) Most Gracious? 79. No! We shall record what he says, and We shall add and add to his punishment. 80. To Us shall return all that he talks of and he shall appear before Us bare and alone. 81. And they have taken (for worship) gods other than God, to give them power and glory! 82. Instead, they shall reject their worship, and become adversaries against them.

 

SECTION 6: False Doctrine of Sonship

 

83. See you not that We have set the Evil Ones on against the Unbelievers, to incite them with fury? 84. So make no haste against them, for We but count out to them a (limited) number (of days). 85. The day We shall gather the righteous to (God) Most Gracious, like a band presented before a king for honors, 86. And We shall drive the sinners to Hell, like thirsty cattle driven down to water, — 87. None shall have the power of intercession, but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from (God) Most Gracious.

 

88. They say: “(God) Most Gracious has begotten a son!” 89. Indeed you have put forth a thing most monstrous! 90. At it the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin, 91. That they should invoke a son for (God) Most Gracious. 92. For it is not consonant with the majesty of (God) Most Gracious that He should beget a son.

 

93. Not one of the beings in the heavens and the earth but must come to (God) Most Gracious as a servant. 94. He does take an account of them (all), and has numbered them (all) exactly. 95. And everyone of them will come to Him singly on the Day of Judgement. 96. On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, will (God) Most Gracious bestow love.

97. So have We made the (Qur’ān) easy in your own tongue, that with it you may give Glad Tidings to the righteous, and warnings to people given to contention. 98. But how many (countless) generations before them have We destroyed? Can you find a single one of them (now) or hear (so much as) a whisper of them?

Chapter 20: Ta Ha

SECTION 1: Moses is Called

 

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. Ṭā Hā. 2. We have not sent down the Qur’ān to you to be (an occasion) for your distress, 3. But only as an admonition to those who fear (God), — 4. A revelation from Him Who created the earth and the heavens on high. 5. (God) Most Gracious is firmly established on the throne (of authority). 6. To Him belongs what is in the heavens and on earth, and all between them, and all beneath the soil. 7. If you pronounce the word aloud, (it is no matter): for verily He knows what is secret and what is yet more hidden. 8. God! there is no god but He! To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names.

 

9. Has the story of Moses reached you? 10. Behold, he saw a fire: so he said to his family, “Tarry you; I perceive a fire; perhaps I can bring you some burning brand therefrom, or find some guidance at the fire.” 11. But when he came to the fire, a voice was heard: “O Moses! 12. Verily I am your Lord! Therefore (in My presence) put off your shoes: you are in the sacred valley Ṭuwā. 13. I have chosen you: listen, then, to the inspiration (sent to you). 14. Verily, I am God: there is no god but I: so serve you Me (only), and establish regular prayer for celebrating My praise. 15. Verily the Hour is coming—My design is to keep it hidden—for every soul to receive its reward by the measure of its Endeavour. 16. Therefore let not such as believe not therein but follow their own lusts, divert you therefrom, lest you perish!”

 

17. “And what is that in your right hand, O Moses?” 18. He said, “It is my rod: on it I lean; with it I beat down fodder for my flocks; and in it I find other uses.” 19. (God) said, “Throw it, O Moses!” 20. He threw it, and behold! it was a snake, active in motion. 21. (God) said, “Seize it, and fear not: We shall return it at once to its former condition.”

 

22. “Now draw your hand close to your side: it shall come forth white (and shining), without harm (or stain), — as another Sign, — 23. In order that We may show you (two) of Our greater Signs. 24 Go you to Pharaoh, for he has indeed transgressed all bounds.”

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God! there is no god but He! To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. (20:8)

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SECTION 2: Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh

 

25. (Moses) said: “O my Lord! Expand me my breast; 26. Ease my task for me; 27. And remove the impediment from my speech, 28. So they may understand what I say: 29. And give me a Minister from my family, 30. Aaron, my brother; 31. Add to my strength through him, 32. And make him share my task: 33. That we may celebrate Your praise without stint, 34. And remember You without stint: 35. For You are He that (ever) regards us.” 36. (God) said: “Granted is your prayer, O Moses!”

 

37. “And indeed We conferred a favor on you another time (before). 38. Behold! We sent to your mother, by inspiration, the message: 39. ‘Throw (the child) into the chest, and throw (the chest) into the river: the river will cast him up on the bank, and he will be taken up by one who is an enemy to Me and an enemy to him’: but I cast (the garment of) love over you from Me: and (this) in order that you may be reared under Mine eye.” 40. “Behold! your sister goes forth and says, ‘Shall I show you one who will nurse and rear the (child)?’ So We brought you back to your mother, that her eye might be cooled and she should not grieve. Then you did slay a man, but We saved you from trouble, and We tried you in various ways. Then did you tarry a number of years with the people of Midian. Then did you come hither as ordained, O Moses! 41. And I have prepared you for Myself (for service)”…

 

42. “Go, you and your brother, with My Signs, and slacken not, either of you, in keeping Me in remembrance. 43. Go, both of you, to Pharaoh, for he has indeed transgressed all bounds; 44. But speak to him mildly; perchance he may take warning or fear (God).” 45. They (Moses and Aaron) said: “Our Lord! We fear lest he hastens with insolence against us, or lest he transgresses all bounds.” 46. He said: “Fear not: for I am with you: I hear and see (everything). 47. So go you both to him, and say, ‘Verily we are messengers sent by your Lord: send forth, therefore, the Children of Israel with us, and afflict them not: with a Sign, indeed, have we come from your Lord! And peace to all who follow guidance! 48. ‘Verily it has been revealed to us that the Penalty (awaits) those who reject and turn away.’”

 

49. (When this message was delivered), (Pharaoh) said: “Who, then, O Moses, is the Lord of you two?” 50. He said: “Our Lord is He Who gave to each (created) thing its form and nature, and further, gave (it) guidance.” 51. (Pharaoh) said: “What then is the condition of previous generations?” 52. He replied: “The knowledge of that is with my Lord, duly recorded: my Lord never errs, nor forgets,—53. He Who has made for you the earth like a carpet spread out; has enabled you to go about therein by roads (and channels); and has sent down water from the sky.” With it have We produced diverse pairs of plants each separate from the others. 54. Eat (for yourselves) and pasture your cattle: verily, in this are Signs for men endued with understanding.

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So go you both to him, and say, ‘Verily we are messengers sent by your Lord: send forth, therefore, the Children of Israel with us, and afflict them not: with a Sign, indeed, have we come from your Lord! And peace to all who follow guidance! (20:47)

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SECTION 3: Moses and the Enchanters

 

55. From the (earth) did We create you, and into it shall We return you, and from it shall We bring you out once again.

 

56. And We showed Pharaoh all Our Signs, but he did reject and refuse. 57. He said: “Have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Moses? 58. But we can surely produce magic to match yours! So make a tryst between us and you, which we shall not fail to keep—neither we nor you—in a place where both shall have even chances.” 59. Moses said: “Your tryst is the Day of the Festival, and let the people be assembled when the sun is well up.” 60. So Pharaoh withdrew: he concerted his plan, and then came (back). 61. Moses said to him: “Woe to you! Forge not you a lie against God, lest He destroy you (at once) utterly by chastisement: the forger must suffer frustration!” 62. So they disputed, one with another, over their affair, but they kept their talk secret. 63. They said: “These two are certainly (expert) magicians: their object is to drive you out from your land with their magic, and to do away with your most cherished institutions. 64. Therefore concert your plan, and then assemble in (serried) ranks: he wins (all along) today who gains the upper hand.”

65. They said: “O Moses! Whether will you that you throw (first) or that we be the first to throw?” 66. He said, “No, throw you first!” Then behold their ropes and their rods—so it seemed to him on account of their magic—began to be in lively motion! 67. So Moses conceived in his mind a (sort of) fear. 68. We said: “Fear not! for you have indeed the upper hand: 69. Throw that which is in your right hand: quickly will it swallow up that which they have faked; what they have faked is but a magician’s trick: and the magician thrives not, (no matter) where he goes.”

70. So the magicians were thrown down to prostration: they said, “We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses”. 71. (Pharaoh) said: “Believe you in Him before I give you permission? Surely this must be your leader, who has taught you magic! Be sure I will cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I will have you crucified on trunks of palm-trees: so shall you know for certain, which of us can give the more severe and the more lasting punishment!” 72. They said: “Never shall we regard you as more than the clear Signs that have come to us, or than Him Who created us! So decree whatever you desire to decree: for you can only decree (touching) the life of this world. 73. For us, we have believed in our Lord: may He forgive us our faults, and the magic to which you did compel us: for God is Best and Most Abiding.” 74. Verily he who comes to his Lord as a sinner (at Judgement),—for him is Hell: therein shall he neither die nor live. 75. But such as come to Him as Believers who have worked righteous deeds,—for them are ranks exalted,—76. Gardens of Eternity, beneath which flow rivers: they will dwell therein for ever: such is the reward of those who purify themselves (from evil).

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From the (earth) did We create you, and into it shall We return you, and from it shall We bring you out once again. (20:55)

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SECTION 4: The Israelites Worship the Calf

77. We sent an inspiration to Moses: “Travel by night with My servants, and strike a dry path for them through the sea, without fear of being overtaken (by Pharaoh) and without (any other) fear.” 78. Then Pharaoh pursued them with his forces, but the waters completely overwhelmed them and covered them up. 79. Pharaoh led his people astray instead of leading them aright.

 

80. O you Children of Israel! We delivered you from your enemy, and We made a Covenant with you on the right side of Mount (Sinai), and We sent down to you Manna and quails: 81. (Saying): “Eat of the good things We have provided for your sustenance, but commit no excess therein, lest My Wrath should justly descend on you: and those on whom descends My Wrath do perish indeed! 82. But, without doubt, I am (also) He that forgives again and again, to those who repent, believe, and do right, who,—in fine, are ready to receive true guidance.”

 

83. (When Moses was up on the Mount, God said:) “What made you hasten in advance of your people, O Moses?” 84. He replied: “Behold, they are close on my footsteps: I hastened to You, O my Lord, to please You.” 85. (God) said: “We have tested your people in your absence: the Sāmirī has led them astray.” 86. So Moses returned to his people in a state of indignation and sorrow. He said: “O my people! Did not your Lord make a handsome promise to you? Did then the promise seem to you long (in coming)? Or did you desire that Wrath should descend from your Lord on you, and so you broke your promise to me?” 87. They said: “We broke not the promise to you, as far as lay in our power: but we were made to carry the weight of the ornaments of the (whole) people, and we threw them (into the fire), and that was what the Sāmirī suggested. 88. Then he brought out (of the fire) before the (people) the image of a calf: it seemed to low: so they said: ‘This is your god, and the god of Moses, but (Moses) has forgotten!’” 89. Could they not see that it could not return them a word (for answer), and that it had no power either to harm them or to do them good?

 

SECTION 5: The End of Calf-worship

 

90. Aaron had already, before this said to them: “O my people! You are being tested in this: for verily your Lord is (God) Most Gracious; so follow me and obey my command.” 91. They had said: “We will not abandon this cult, but we will devote ourselves to it until Moses returns to us.” 92. (Moses) said: “O Aaron! What kept you back, when you saw them going wrong, 93. From following me? Did you then disobey my order?” 94. (Aaron) replied: “O son of my mother! Seize (me) not by my beard nor by (the hair of) my head! Truly I feared lest you should say, ‘You have caused a division among the Children of Israel, and you did not respect my word!”’ 95. (Moses) said: “What then is your case, O Sāmirī?” 96. He replied: “I saw what they saw not: so I took a handful (of dust) from the footprint of the Messenger, and threw it (into the calf): thus did my soul suggest to me.” 97. (Moses) said: “Get you gone! But your (punishment) in this life will be that you will say, ‘touch me not’; and moreover (for a future penalty) you have a promise that will not fail: now look at your god, of whom you have become a devoted worshipper: we will certainly (melt) it in a blazing fire and scatter it broadcast in the sea!” 98. But the god of you all is the One God: there is no god but He: all things He comprehends in His knowledge.

 

99. Thus do We relate to you some stories of what happened before: for We have sent you a Message from Our own Presence. 100. If any do turn away therefrom, verily they will bear a burden on the Day of Judgement; 101. They will abide in this (state): and grievous will the burden be to them on that Day, — 102. The Day when the Trumpet will be sounded: that Day, We shall gather the sinful, blear-eyed (with terror). 103. In whispers will they consult each other: “You tarried not longer than ten (Days);” 104. We know best what they will say, when their leader most eminent in conduct will say: “You tarried not longer than a day!”

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Aaron had already, before this said to them: “O my people! You are being tested in this: for verily your Lord is (God) Most Gracious; so follow me and obey my command.” (20:90)

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SECTION 6: The Prophet’s Opponents

 

105. They ask you concerning the Mountains: say, “My Lord will uproot them and scatter them as dust;” 106. “He will leave them as plains smooth and level;” 107. “Nothing crooked or curved will you see in their place.”

 

108. On that Day will they follow the Caller (straight): no crookedness (can they show) him: all sounds shall humble themselves in the Presence of (God) Most Gracious: nothing shall you hear but the tramp of their feet (as they march). 109. On that Day shall no intercession avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by (God) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable to Him. 110. He knows what (appears to His creatures as) before or after or behind them: but they shall not compass it with their knowledge. 111. (All) faces shall be humbled before (Him)—the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal: hopeless indeed will be the man that carries iniquity (on his back). 112. But he who works deeds of righteousness, and has faith, will have no fear of harm nor of any curtailment (of what is his due).

 

113. Thus have We sent this down—an Arabic Qur’ān—and explained therein in detail some of the warnings, in order that they may fear God, or that it may cause their remembrance (of Him). 114. High above all is God, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur’ān before its revelation to you is completed, but say, “O my Lord! Advance me in knowledge.” 115. We had already, beforehand, taken the covenant of Adam, but he forgot: and We found on his part no firm resolve.

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High above all is God, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur’ān before its revelation to you is completed, but say, “O my Lord! Advance me in knowledge.” (20:114)

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SECTION 7: The Devil’s Misleading

116. When We said to the angels, “Prostrate yourselves to Adam”, they prostrated themselves, but not Iblīs: he refused. 117. Then We said: “O Adam! Verily, this is an enemy to you and your wife: so let him not get you both out of the Garden, so that you are landed in misery.

118. There is therein (enough provision) for you not to go hungry nor to go naked, 119. Nor to suffer from thirst, nor from the sun’s heat.”

120. But Satan whispered evil to him: he said, “O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that never decays?” 121. In the result, they both ate of the tree, and so their nakedness appeared to them: they began to sew together, for their covering, leaves from the Garden: thus did Adam disobey his Lord, and allow himself to be seduced. 122. But his Lord chose him (for His Grace): He turned to him, and gave him guidance. 123. He said: “Get you down, both of you,—all together, from the Garden, with enmity one to another: but if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows My guidance, will not lose his way, nor fall into misery. 124. But whosoever turns away from My Message, verily for him is a life narrowed down, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Judgement.” 125. He will say: “O my Lord! Why have You raised me up blind, while I had sight (before)?” 126. (God) will say: “Thus did you, when Our Signs came unto you, disregard them: so will you, this day, be disregarded.” 127. And thus do We recompense him who transgresses beyond bounds and believes not in the Signs of his Lord: and the Penalty of the Hereafter is far more grievous and more enduring. 128. Is it not a warning to such men (to call to mind) how many generations before them We destroyed, in whose haunts they (now) move? Verily, in this are Signs for men endued with understanding.

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When We said to the angels, “Prostrate yourselves to Adam”, they prostrated themselves, but not Iblīs: he refused. (20:116)

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SECTION 8: Punishment is Certain

129. Had it not been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord, (their punishment) must necessarily have come; but there is a term appointed (for respite). 130. Therefore be patient with what they say, and celebrate (constantly) the praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun, and before its setting; indeed, celebrate them for part of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day: that you may have (spiritual) joy. 131. Nor strain your eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to parties of them, the splendor of the life of this world, through which We test them: but the provision of your Lord is better and more enduring. 132. Enjoin prayer on your people, and be constant therein. We ask you not to provide sustenance: We provide it for you. But the (fruit of) the Hereafter is for righteousness.

133. They say: “Why does he not bring us a Sign from his Lord?” Has not a clear Sign come to them of all that was in the former Books of revelation? 134. And if We had inflicted on them a penalty before this, they would have said: “Our Lord! If only You had sent us a messenger, we should certainly have followed Your Signs before we were humbled and put to shame.” 135. Say: “Each one (of us) is waiting: wait you, therefore, and soon shall you know who it is that is on the straight and even Way, and who it is that has received Guidance.