Part 28

Islamic Woman

Chapter 58: The Woman Who Pleads

SECTION 1: Safeguarding Women’s Rights

 

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. God has indeed heard (and accepted) the statement of the woman who pleads with you concerning her husband and carries her complaint (in prayer) to God: and God (always) hears the arguments between both sides among you: for God hears and sees (all things). 2. If any men among you divorce their wives by Ẓihār (calling them mothers), they cannot be their mothers: none can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. And in fact they use words (both) iniquitous and false: but truly God is One that blots out (sins), and forgives (again and again). 3. But those who divorce their wives by Ẓihār, then wish to go back on the words they uttered, — (it is ordained that such a one) should free a slave before they touch each other: this are you admonished to perform: and God is well-acquainted with (all) that you do. 4. And if any has not (the wherewithal), he should fast for two months consecutively before they touch each other. But if any is unable to do so, he should feed sixty indigent ones. This, that you may show your faith in God and His Messenger. Those are limits (set by) God. For those who reject (Him), there is a grievous Penalty. 5. Those who resist God and His Messenger will be humbled to dust, as were those before them: for We have already sent down clear Signs. And the Unbelievers (will have) a humiliating Penalty, — 6. On the Day that God will raise them all up (again) and show them the Truth (and meaning) of their conduct. God has reckoned its (value), though they may have forgotten it, for God is Witness to all things.

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...and God (always) hears the arguments between both sides among you:... (58:1)

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SECTION 2: Secret Counsels Condemned

 

7. See you not that God does know (all) that is in the heavens and on earth? There is not a secret consultation between three, but He makes the fourth among them, — nor between five but He makes the sixth, — nor between fewer nor more, but He is in their midst, wherever they be: in the end will He tell them the truth of their conduct, on the Day of Judgement. For God has full knowledge of all things. 8. Turn you not your sight towards those who were forbidden secret counsels yet revert to that which they were forbidden (to do)? And they hold secret counsels among themselves for iniquity and hostility, and disobedience to the Messenger. And when they come to you, they salute you, not as God salutes you, (but in crooked ways): and they say to themselves, “Why does not God punish us for our words?” Enough for them is Hell: in it will they burn, and evil is that destination!

 

9. O you who believe! When you hold secret counsel, do it not for iniquity and hostility, and disobedience to the Prophet; but do it for righteousness and self-restraint; and fear God, to Whom you shall be brought back. 10. Secret counsels are only (inspired) by the Evil One, in order that he may cause grief to the Believers; but he cannot harm them in the least, except as God permits; and on God let the Believers put their trust.

 

11. O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room: (ample) room will God provide for you. And when you are told to rise up, rise up: God will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted (mystic) Knowledge. And God is well-acquainted with all you do.

 

12. O you who believe! When you consult the Messenger in private, spend something in charity before your private consultation. That will be best for you, and most conducive to purity (of conduct). But if you find not (the wherewithal), God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 13. Is it that you are afraid of spending sums in charity before your private consultation (with him)? If, then, you do not so, and God forgives you, then (at least) establish regular prayer; practice regular charity; and obey God and His Messenger. And God is well-acquainted with all that you do.

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O you who believe! When you consult the Messenger in private, spend something in charity before your private consultation... (58:12)

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SECTION 3: Internal Enemy to be Guarded Against

14. Turn you not your attention to those who turn (in friendship) to such as have the Wrath of God upon them? They are neither of you nor of them, and they swear to falsehood knowingly. 15. God has prepared for them a severe Penalty: evil indeed are their deeds. 16. They have made their oaths a screen (for their misdeeds): thus they obstruct (men) from the Path of God: therefore shall they have a humiliating Penalty.

 

17. Of no profit whatever to them, against God, will be their riches nor their sons: they will be Companions of the Fire, to dwell therein (forever)! 18. One day will God raise them all up (for Judgement): then will they swear to Him as they swear to you: and they think that they have something (to stand upon). No, indeed! they are but liars! 19. The Evil One has got the better of them: so he has made them lose the remembrance of God. They are the Party of the Evil One. Truly, it is the Party of the Evil One that will perish!

 

20.Those who resist God and His Messenger will be among those most humiliated. 21. God has decreed: “It is I and My messengers who must prevail”: for God is One full of strength, able to enforce His Will. 22. You will not find any people who believe in God and the Last Day, loving those who resist God and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein (forever). God will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of God. Truly it is the Party of God that will achieve Felicity.

Chapter 59: The Gathering or Banishment

SECTION 1: The Exiled Jews

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, let it declare the Praises and Glory of God: for He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

 

2. It is He Who got out the Unbelievers among the People of the Book from their homes at the first gathering (of the forces). Little did you think that they would get out: and they thought that their fortresses would defend them from God! But the (Wrath of) God came to them from quarters from which they little expected (it), and cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed their dwellings by their own hands and the hands of the Believers. Take warning, then, O you with eyes (to see)! 3. And had it not been that God had decreed banishment for them, He would certainly have punished them in this world: and in the Hereafter they shall (certainly) have the Punishment of the Fire. 4. That is because they resisted God and His Messenger: and if anyone resists God, verily God is severe in Punishment. 5. Whether you cut down (O you Muslims!) the tender palm trees, or you left them standing on their roots, it was by leave of God, and in order that He might cover with shame the rebellious transgressors.

 

6. What God has bestowed on His Messenger (and taken away) from them — for this you made no expedition with either cavalry or camelry: but God gives power to His messengers over any He pleases: and God has power over all things. 7. What God has bestowed on His Messenger (and taken away) from the people of the townships, — belongs to God, — to His Messenger and to kindred and orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; in order that it may not (merely) make a circuit between the wealthy among you. So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear God; for God is strict in Punishment.

 

8. (Some part is due) to the indigent Migrants, those who were expelled from their homes and their property, while seeking Grace from God and (His) Good Pleasure, and aiding God and His Messenger: such are indeed the sincere ones; — 9. But those who before them, had homes (in Madīnah) and had adopted the Faith, — show their affection to such as came to them for refuge, and entertain no desire in their hearts for things given to the (latter), but give them preference over themselves, even though poverty was their (own lot). And those saved from the covetousness of their own souls — they are the ones that achieve prosperity. 10. And those who came after them say: “Our Lord! Forgive us, and our brethren who came before us into the Faith, and leave not, in our hearts, rancor (or sense of injury) against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed Full of Kindness, Most Merciful.”

 

SECTION 2: The Hypocrites Fail in Their Promise to the Jews

 

11. Have you not observed the Hypocrites say to their misbelieving brethren among the People of the Book? — “If you are expelled, we too will go out with you, and we will never listen to anyone in your affair; and if you are attacked (in fight) we will help you.” But God is witness that they are indeed liars. 12. If they are expelled, never will they go out with them; and if they are attacked (in fight), they will never help them; and if they do help them, they will turn their backs; so they will receive no help. 13. Of a truth you are stronger (than they) because of the terror in their hearts, (sent) by God. This is because they are men devoid of understanding. 14. They will not fight you (even) together, except in fortified townships, or from behind walls. Strong is their fighting (spirit) amongst themselves: you would think they were united, but their hearts are divided: that is because they are a people devoid of wisdom.

 

15. Like those who lately preceded them, they have tasted the evil result of their conduct; and (in the Hereafter there is) for them a grievous Penalty; — 16. (Their allies deceived them), like the Evil One, when he says to man, “Deny God”: but when (man) denies God, (the Evil One) says, “I am free of you: I do fear God, the Lord of the Worlds!” 17. The end of both will be that they will go into the Fire, dwelling therein forever. Such is the reward of the wrong-doers.

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...like the Evil One, when he says to man, “Deny God”: but when (man) denies God, (the Evil One) says, “I am free of you: I do fear God, the Lord of the Worlds!” (59:16)

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SECTION 3: An Exhortation

18. O you who believe! Fear God, and let every soul look to what (provision) he has sent forth for the morrow. Indeed, fear God: for God is well-acquainted with (all) that you do. 19. And be you not like those who forgot God; and He made them forget their own souls! Such are the rebellious transgressors! 20. Not equal are the Companions of the Fire and the Companions of the Garden: it is the Companions of the Garden, that will achieve Felicity.

21. Had We sent down this Qur’ān on a mountain, verily, you would have seen it humble itself and cleave asunder for fear of God. Such are the similitudes which We propound to men, that they may reflect.

22. God is He, than Whom there is no other god; — Who knows (all things) both secret and open; He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 23. God is He, than Whom there is no other god; — the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Source of Peace (and Perfection), the Guardian of Faith, the Preserver of Safety, the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the Supreme: Glory to God! (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him. 24. He is God, the Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of Forms (or Colours). To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: whatever is in the heavens and on earth, does declare His Praises and Glory: and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

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God is He, than Whom there is no other god; — the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Source of Peace (and Perfection), the Guardian of Faith, the Preserver of Safety, the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the Supreme: Glory to God! (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him. (59:23)

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Chapter 60: The Woman to be Examined

SECTION 1: Friendly Relations with Enemies

 

 In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. O you who believe! Take not My enemies and yours as friends (or protectors), — offering them (your) love, even though they have rejected the Truth that has come to you, and have (on the contrary) driven out the Prophet and yourselves (from your homes), (simply) because you believe in God your Lord! If you have come out to strive in My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, (take them not as friends), holding secret converse of love (and friendship) with them: for I know full well all that you conceal and all that you reveal. And any of you that does this has strayed from the straight Path. 2. If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you for evil; and they desire that you should reject the Truth. 3. Of no profit to you will be your relatives and your children on the Day of Judgement: He will judge between you: for God sees well all that you do.

 

4. There is for you an excellent example (to follow) in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people: “We are clear of you and of whatever you worship besides God: we have rejected you, and there has arisen, between us and you, enmity and hatred forever, — unless you believe in God and Him alone”: but not when Abraham said to his father: “I will pray for forgiveness for you, though I have no power (to get) anything on your behalf from God.” (They prayed): “Our Lord! In You do we trust, and to You do we turn in repentance: to You is (our) final Goal. 5. Our Lord! Make us not a (test and) trial for the Unbelievers, but forgive us, our Lord! For You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” 6. There was indeed in them an excellent example for you to follow, — for those whose hope is in God and in the Last Day. But if any turn away, truly God is Free of all Wants, Worthy of all Praise.

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“I will pray for forgiveness for you, though I have no power (to get) anything on your behalf from God.” (They prayed): “Our Lord! In You do we trust, and to You do we turn in repentance: to You is (our) final Goal. (60:4)

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SECTION 2: Friendly Relations with Non-Muslims

 

7. It may be that God will grant love (and friendship) between you and those whom you (now) hold as enemies. For God has power (over all things); and God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 8. God forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for God loves those who are just. 9. God only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them (in these circumstances), that do wrong.

 

10. O you who believe! When there come to you believing women refugees, examine (and test) them: God knows best as to their Faith: if you ascertain that they are Believers, then send them not back to the Unbelievers. They are not lawful (wives) for the Unbelievers, nor are the (Unbelievers) lawful (husbands) for them. But pay the Unbelievers what they have spent (on their dower), and there will be no blame on you if you marry them on payment of their dower to them. But hold not to the guardianship of unbelieving women: ask for what you have spent on their dowers, and let the (Unbelievers) ask for what they have spent (on the dowers of women who come over to you). Such is the command of God: He judges (with justice) between you. And God is full of Knowledge and Wisdom. 11. And if any of your wives deserts you to the Unbelievers, and you have an accession (by the coming over of a woman from the other side), then pay to those whose wives have deserted the equivalent of what they had spent (on their dower). And fear God, in Whom you believe.

 

12. O Prophet! When believing women come to you to take the oath of fealty to you, that they will not associate in worship any other thing whatever with God, that they will not steal, that they will not commit adultery (or fornication), that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood, and that they will not disobey you in any just matter, — then do you receive their fealty, and pray to God for the forgiveness (of their sins): for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

 

13. O you who believe! Turn not (for friendship) to people on whom is the Wrath of God. Of the Hereafter they are already in despair, just as the Unbelievers are in despair about those (buried) in graves. 

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God forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for God loves those who are just. (60:8)

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Chapter 61: The Battle Array

SECTION 1: Triumph of Islam

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

1. Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, let it declare the Praises and Glory of God: for He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

2. O you who believe! Why say you that which you do not? 3. Grievously odious is it in the sight of God that you say that which you do not. 4. Truly God loves those who fight in His Cause in battle array, as if they were a solid cemented structure.

5. And remember, Moses said to his people: “O my people! Why do you vex and insult me, though you know that I am the messenger of God (sent) to you?” Then when they went wrong, God let their hearts go wrong. For God guides not those who are rebellious transgressors.

6. And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of God (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Aḥmad.” But when he came to them with clear Signs, they said, “This is evident sorcery!”

7. Who does greater wrong than one who invents falsehood against God, even as he is being invited to Islam? And God guides not those who do wrong. 8. Their intention is to extinguish God’s Light (by blowing) with their mouths: but God will complete (the revelation of) His Light, even though the Unbelievers may detest (it). 9. It is He Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, that he may proclaim it over all religion, even though the Pagans may detest (it).

SECTION 2: Establishment of Truth Needed Sacrifices

10. O you who believe! Shall I lead you to a bargain that will save you from a grievous Penalty? — 11. That you believe in God and His Messenger, and that you strive (your utmost) in the Cause of God, with your property and your persons: that will be best for you, if you but knew! 12. He will forgive you your sins, and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, and to beautiful mansions in Gardens of Eternity: that is indeed the supreme Achievement. 13. And another (favor will He bestow,) which you do love, — help from God and a speedy victory. So give the Glad Tidings to the Believers.

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He will forgive you your sins, and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, and to beautiful mansions in Gardens of Eternity: that is indeed the supreme Achievement. (61:12)

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14. O you who believe! Be you helpers of God: as said Jesus the son of Mary to the Disciples, “Who will be my helpers to (the work of) God?” Said the Disciples, “We are God’s helpers!” Then a portion of the Children of Israel believed, and a portion disbelieved: but We gave power to those who believed, against their enemies, and they became the ones that prevailed. 

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 O you who believe! Be you helpers of God: as said Jesus the son of Mary to the Disciples, “Who will be my helpers to (the work of) God?” Said the Disciples, “We are God’s helpers!”...  (61:14)

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Chapter 62: Congregation

SECTION 1: Muslims Chosen for Divine Favors

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

1. Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, does declare the Praises and Glory of God, — the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Exalted in Might, the Wise. 2. It is He Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom — although they had been, before, in manifest error; — 3. As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise. 4. Such is the Bounty of God, which He bestows on whom He will: and God is the Lord of the highest bounty.

5. The similitude of those who were charged with the (obligations of the) Mosaic Law, but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is that of a donkey which carries huge tomes (but understands them not). Evil is the similitude of people who falsify the Signs of God: and God guides not people who do wrong. 6. Say: “O you that stand on Judaism! If you think that you are friends to God, to the exclusion of (other) men, then express your desire for Death, if you are truthful!” 7. But never will they express their desire (for Death), because of the (deeds) their hands have sent on before them! And God knows well those that do wrong! 8. Say: “The Death from which you flee will truly overtake you: then will you be sent back to the Knower of things secret and open: and He will tell you (the truth of) the things that you did!”

SECTION 2: Friday Prayers

9. O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly), hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of God, and leave off business (and traffic): that is best for you if you but knew! 10. And when the Prayer is finished, then may you disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of God: and celebrate the Praises of God often (and without stint): that you may prosper.

11. But when they see some bargain or some amusement, they disperse headlong to it, and leave you standing. Say: “The (blessing) from the Presence of God is better than any amusement or bargain! And God is the Best to provide (for all needs).”

Chapter 63: The Hypocrites

SECTION 1: The Hypocrites

 

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. When the Hypocrites come to you, they say, “We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of God.” Certainly, God knows that you are indeed His Messenger, and God bears witness that the Hypocrites are indeed liars. 2. They have made their oaths a screen (for their misdeeds): thus they obstruct (men) from the Path of God: truly evil are their deeds. 3. That is because they believed, then they rejected Faith: so a seal was set on their hearts: therefore they understand not.

 

4. When you look at them, their exteriors please you; and when they speak, you listen to their words. They are as (worthless as hollow) pieces of timber propped up, (unable to stand on their own). They think that every cry is against them. They are the enemies; so beware of them. The curse of God be on them! How are they deluded (away from the Truth)! 5. And when it is said to them, “Come, the Messenger of God will pray for your forgiveness”, they turn aside their heads, and you would see them turning away their faces in arrogance.

 

6. It is equal to them whether you pray for their forgiveness or not. God will not forgive them. Truly God guides not rebellious transgressors. 7. They are the ones who say, “Spend nothing on those who are with God’s Messenger, to the end that they may disperse (and quit Madīnah).” But to God belong the treasures of the heavens and the earth; but the Hypocrites understand not. 8. They say, “If we return to Madīnah, surely the more honorable (element) will expel therefrom the meaner.” But honor belongs to God and His Messenger, and to the Believers; but the Hypocrites know not.

 

SECTION 2: An Exhortation

 

9. O you who believe! Let not your riches or your children divert you from the remembrance of God. If any act thus, the loss is their own. 10. And spend something (in charity) out of the substance which We have bestowed on you, before Death should come to any of you and he should say, “O my Lord! Why did You not give me respite for a little while? I should then have given (largely) in charity, and I should have been one of the doers of good.” 11. But to no soul will God grant respite when the time appointed (for it) has come; and God is well acquainted with (all) that you do.

Chapter 64: Mutual Loss and Gain

SECTION 1: Disbelievers Warned

 

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, does declare the Praises and Glory of God: to Him belongs dominion, and to Him belongs praise: and He has power over all things. 2. It is He Who has created you; and of you are some that are Unbelievers, and some that are Believers: and God sees well all that you do. 3. He has created the heavens and the earth in just proportions, and has given you shape, and made your shapes beautiful: and to Him is the final Goal. 4. He knows what is in the heavens and on earth; and He knows what you conceal and what you reveal: indeed, God knows well the (secrets) of (all) hearts.

 

5. Has not the story reached you, of those who rejected Faith aforetime? So they tasted the evil result of their conduct; and they had a grievous Penalty. 6. That was because there came to them messengers with clear Signs, but they said: “Shall (mere) human beings direct us?” So they rejected (the Message) and turned away. But God can do without (them): and God is free of all needs, Worthy of all praise.

 

7. The Unbelievers think that they will not be raised up (for Judgement). Say: “Indeed, by my Lord, you shall surely be raised up: then shall you be told (the truth) of all that you did. And that is easy for God.” 8. Believe, therefore, in God and His Messenger, and in the Light which We have sent down. And God is well acquainted with all that you do. 9. The Day that He assembles you (all) for a Day of Assembly, — that will be a Day of mutual loss and gain (among you), and those who believe in God and work righteousness — He will remove from them their ills, and He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein forever: that will be the supreme Achievement. 10. But those who reject Faith and treat Our Signs as falsehoods, they will be Companions of the Fire, to dwell therein forever: and evil is that Goal.

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He knows what is in the heavens and on earth; and He knows what you conceal and what you reveal: indeed, God knows well the (secrets) of (all) hearts. (64:4)

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SECTION 2: An Exhortation

 

11. No kind of calamity can occur, except by the leave of God: and if anyone believes in God, (God) guides his heart (aright): for God knows all things. 12. So obey God, and obey His Messenger: but if you turn back, the duty of Our Messenger is but to proclaim (the Message) clearly and openly. 13. God! There is no god but He: and on God, therefore, let the Believers put their trust.

 

14. O you who believe! Truly, among your wives and your children are (some that are) enemies to yourselves: so beware of them! But if you forgive and overlook, and cover up (their faults), verily God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 15. Your riches and your children may be but a trial: but in the Presence of God, is the highest Reward.

 

16. So fear God as much as you can; listen and obey; and spend in charity for the benefit of your own soul. And those saved from the covetousness of their own souls, — they are the ones that achieve prosperity. 17. If you loan to God, a beautiful loan, He will double it to your (credit), and He will grant you Forgiveness: for God is Most Ready to appreciate (service), Most Forbearing, — 18. Knower of what is hidden and what is open, Exalted in Might, Full of Wisdom.

 

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No kind of calamity can occur, except by the leave of God: and if anyone believes in God, (God) guides his heart (aright): for God knows all things. (64:11)

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Chapter 65: Divorce

SECTION 1: Supplementary Divorce Rules

 

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful

 

1. O Prophet! When you do divorce women, divorce them at their prescribed periods, and count (accurately) their prescribed periods: and fear God your Lord: and turn them not out of their houses, nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open lewdness, those are limits set by God: and any who transgresses the limits of God, does verily wrong his (own) soul: you know not if perchance God will bring about thereafter some new situation. 2. Thus when they fulfill their term appointed, either take them back on equitable terms or part with them on equitable terms; and take for witness two persons from among you, endued with justice, and establish the evidence (as) before God. Such is the admonition given to him who believes in God and the Last Day. And for those who fear God, He (ever) prepares a way out, 3. And He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine. And if anyone puts his trust in God, sufficient is (God) for him. For God will surely accomplish His purpose: verily, for all things has God appointed a due proportion.

 

4. Such of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the prescribed period, if you have any doubts, is three months, and for those who have no courses (it is the same): for those who carry (life within their wombs), their period is until they deliver their burdens: and for those who fear God, He will make their path easy. 5. That is the Command of God, which He has sent down to you: and if anyone fears God, He will remove his ills from him, and will enlarge his reward.

 

6. Let the women live (in ‘iddah) in the same style as you live, according to your means: annoy them not, so as to restrict them. And if they carry (life in their wombs), then spend (your substance) on them until they deliver their burden: and if they suckle your (offspring), give them their recompense: and take mutual counsel together, according to what is just and reasonable. And if you find yourselves in difficulties, let another woman suckle (the child) on the (father’s) behalf. 7. Let the man of means spend according to his means: and the man whose resources are restricted, let him spend according to what God has given him. God puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him. After a difficulty, God will soon grant relief.

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...God puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him. After a difficulty, God will soon grant relief. (65:7)

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Chapter 66: Prohibiton

SECTION 1: The Prophet’s Domestic Relations

In the name of God,
Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

1. O Prophet! Why hold you to be forbidden that which God has made lawful to you? You seek to please your consorts. But God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 2. God has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths (in some cases): and God is your Protector, and He is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom.

3. When the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his consorts, and she then divulged it (to another), and God made it known to him, he confirmed part thereof and repudiated a part. Then when he told her thereof, she said, “Who told you this?” He said, “He told me Who knows and is well-acquainted (with all things).” 4. If you two turn in repentance to Him, your hearts are indeed so inclined; but if you back up each other against him, truly God is his Protector, and Gabriel, and (every) righteous one among those who believe, — and furthermore, the angels — will back (him) up.

5. It may be, if he divorced you (all), that God will give him in exchange Consorts better than you, — who submit (their wills), who believe, who are devout, who turn to God in repentance, who worship (in humility), who travel (for Faith) and fast, — previously married or virgins. 6. O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and Stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who flinch not (from executing) the Commands they receive from God, but do (precisely) what they are commanded. 7. (They will say), “O you Unbelievers! Make no excuses this Day! You are being but requited for all that you did!”

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...Why hold you to be forbidden that which God has made lawful to you? You seek to please your consorts. But God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (66:1)

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SECTION 2: Progress of the Faithful

8. O you who believe! Turn to God with sincere repentance: in the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, — the Day that God will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say, “Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for You have power over all things.”

9. O Prophet! Strive hard against the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell — an evil refuge (indeed).

10. God sets forth, for an example to the Unbelievers, the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot: they were (respectively) under two of our righteous Servants, but they were false to their (husbands), and they profited nothing before God on their account, but were told: “Enter you the Fire along with (others) that enter!” 11. And God sets forth, as an example to those who believe, the wife of Pharaoh: behold she said: “O my Lord! Build for me, in nearness to You, a mansion in the Garden, and save me from Pharaoh and his doings, and save me from those that do wrong”; 12. And Mary the daughter of ‘Imrān, who guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (her body) of Our spirit; and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of His Revelations, and was one of the devout (Servants). 

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O you who believe! Turn to God with sincere repentance: in the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,… (66:8)

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