Part 7

Chapter 5: The Table, The Table Spread

83. And when they listen to the revelation received by the Messenger, you will see their eyes overflowing with tears, for they recognize the truth: they pray: "Our Lord! We believe; write us down among the witnesses. 84. "What cause can we have not to believe in God and the truth which has come to us, seeing that we long for our Lord to admit us to the company of the righteous?" 85. And for this, their prayer, has God rewarded them with gardens, with rivers flowing underneath, - their eternal home. Such is the recompense of those who do good. 86. But those who reject Faith and belie our Signs, - they shall be companions of Hell-fire.

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 And when they listen to the revelation received by the Messenger, you will see their eyes overflowing with tears, for they recognize the truth: they pray: "Our Lord! We believe; write us down among the witnesses. (5:83)

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Section 12: A Warning – Besetting Sins of Previous People

 

87. O you who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which God has made lawful for you, but commit no excess: for God loves not those given to excess. 88. Eat of the things which God has provided for you, lawful and good; but fear God, in whom you believe.

 

89. God will not call you to account for what is futile in your oaths, but He will call you to account for your deliberate oaths: for expiation, feed ten indigent persons, on a scale of the average for the food of your families; or clothe them; or give a slave his freedom. If that is beyond your means, fast for three days. That is the expiation for the oaths you have sworn. But keep to your oaths; thus, does God make clear to you His signs, that you may be grateful.

 

90. O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination, - of Satan's handwork: eschew such (abomination), that you may prosper. 91. Satan's plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of God, and from prayer: will you not then abstain? 92. Obey God, and obey the Messenger, and beware (of evil): if you do turn back, know you that it is Our Messenger’s duty to proclaim (the message) in the clearest manner. 93. On those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, there is no blame for what they ate (in the past), when they guard themselves from evil, and believe, and do deeds of righteousness, - (or) again, guard themselves from evil and believe, - (or) again, guard themselves from evil and do good. For God loves those who do good.

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O you who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which God has made lawful for you, but commit no excess: for God loves not those given to excess. (5:87)

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Section 13: Inviolability of the Ka’bah

 

94. O you who believe! God does but make a trial of you in a little matter of game well within reach of your hands and your lances, that He may test who fears Him unseen: any who transgress thereafter, will have a grievous penalty. 95. O you who believe! Kill not game while in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb. If any of you does so intentionally, the compensation is an offering, brought to the Ka'ba, of a domestic animal equivalent to the one he killed, as adjudged by two just men among you; or by way of atonement, the feeding of the indigent; or its equivalent in fasts: that he may taste of the penalty of his deed. God forgives what is past: for repetition, God will exact from him the penalty. For God is Exalted, and Lord of Retribution. 96. Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food, - for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; but forbidden is the pursuit of land-game; - as long as you are in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb. And fear God, to whom you shall be gathered back. 97. God made the Ka'bah, the Sacred House, an asylum of security for men, as also the Sacred Months, the animals for offerings, and the garlands that mark them: that you may know that God has knowledge of what is in the heavens and on earth and that God is well acquainted with all things. 98. Know you that God is strict in punishment and that God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 99. The Messenger’s duty is but to proclaim (the message). But God knows all that you reveal and you conceal. 100. Say: "Not equal are things that are bad and things that are good, even though the abundance of the bad may dazzle you; so, fear God, O you that understand; that (so) you may prosper."

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The Messenger’s duty is but to proclaim (the message). But God knows all that you reveal and you conceal. (5:99)

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Section 14: Some Directions for Muslims

101. O you who believe! Ask not questions about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if you ask about things when the Qur'an is being revealed, they will be made plain to you, God will forgive those: for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing. 102. Some people before you did ask such questions, and on that account lost their faith. 103. It was not God who instituted (superstitions like those of) a slit-ear she-camel, or a she-camel let loose for free pasture, or idol sacrifices for twin-births in animals, or stallion-camels freed from work: It is blasphemers who invent a lie against God; but most of them lack wisdom. 104. When it is said to them: “Come to what God has revealed; come to the Messenger”: They say: "Enough for us are the ways we found our fathers following." What! Even though their fathers were void of knowledge and guidance? 105. O you who believe! Guard your own souls: if you follow (right) guidance, no hurt can come to you from those who stray. The goal of you all is to God; it is He that will show you the truth of all that you do.

 

106. O you who believe! When death approaches any of you, (take) witnesses among yourselves when making bequests, - two just men of your own (brotherhood) or others from outside if you are journeying through the earth, and the chance of death befalls you (thus). If you doubt (their truth), detain them both after prayer, and let them both swear by God: "We wish not in this for any worldly gain, even though the (beneficiary) be our near relation: we shall hide not the evidence before God; if we do, then behold! The sin be upon us!" 107. But if it gets known that these two were guilty of the sin (of perjury), let two others stand forth in their places, - nearest in kin from among those who claim a lawful right: let them swear by God. "We affirm that our witness is truer than that of those two, and that we have not trespassed (beyond the truth): if we did, behold! The wrong be upon us!" 108. That is most suitable: that they may give the evidence in its true nature and shape, or else they would fear that other oaths would be taken after their oaths. But fear God, and listen (to His counsel): for God guides not a rebellious people:

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O you who believe! Guard your own souls: if you follow (right) guidance, no hurt can come to you from those who stray. The goal of you all is to God; it is He that will show you the truth of all that you do. (5:105)

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Section 15: Christian Love of This Life

 

109. One day will God gather the messengers together, and ask: "What was the response you received (from men to your teaching)?" They will say: "We have no knowledge: it is You who knows in full all that is hidden."

 

110. Then will God say: "O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favor to you and to your mother. Behold! I strengthened you with the holy spirit, so that you did speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught you the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel and behold! you make out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and you breathe into it and it becomes a bird by My leave, and you heal those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! you bring forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to) you when you did show them the clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said: 'This is nothing but evident magic.' 111. "And behold! I inspired the disciples to have faith in Me and My Messenger; they said, 'We have faith, and do you bear witness that we bow to God as those who submit to God'".

 

112. Behold! The disciples said: "O Jesus the son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a table set (with viands) from heaven?" Said Jesus: "Fear God, if you have faith." 113. They said: "We only wish to eat thereof and satisfy our hearts, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth; and that we ourselves may be witnesses to the miracle." 114. Said Jesus the son of Mary: "O God our Lord! Send us from heaven a table set (with viands), that there may be for us - for the first and the last of us - a solemn festival and a sign from You; and provide for our sustenance, for You are the best Sustainer (of our needs)." 115. God said: "I will send it down unto you: But if any of you after that resists faith, I will punish him with a penalty such as I have not inflicted on anyone among all the peoples."

 

Section 16: False Doctrines Introduced After Jesus’ Death

 

116. And behold! God will say: "O Jesus the son of Mary! Did you say unto men, ‘Worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of God’?" He will say: "Glory to You! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart, though I know not what is in Yours. For You know in full all that is hidden. 117. "Never said I to them anything except what You did command me to say, to which, 'worship God, my Lord and your Lord'; and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when You did take me up, You were the watcher over them, and You are a witness to all things. 118. "If You do punish them, they are Your servant: If You do forgive them, You are the Exalted in power, the Wise." 119. God will say: "This is a day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are gardens, with rivers flowing beneath, - their eternal Home: God well-pleased with them, and they with God. That is the great salvation, (the fulfillment of all desires). 120. To God does belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is therein, and it is He Who has power over all things.

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To God does belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is therein, and it is He Who has power over all things. (5:120)

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Chapter 6: Cattle, Livestock

Section 1: Ultimate Triumph of Divine Unity

 

In the name of God,

Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. Praise be God, who created the heavens and the earth, and made the darkness and the light. Yet those who reject Faith hold (others) as equal with their Guardian-Lord. 2. He it is who created you from clay, and then decreed a stated term (for you). And there is in His presence another determined term; yet you doubt within yourselves! 3. And He is God in the heavens and on earth. He knows what you hide, and what you reveal, and He knows the (recompense) which you earn (by your deeds).

 

4. But never did a single one of the Signs of their Lord reach them, but they turned away therefrom. 5. And now they reject the truth when it reaches them: but soon shall they learn the reality of what they used to mock at. 6. See they not how many of those before them We did destroy? - generations We had established on the earth, in strength such as We have not given to you - for whom We poured out rain from the skies in abundance, and gave (fertile) streams flowing beneath their (feet): yet for their sins We destroyed them, and raised in their wake fresh generations (to succeed them).

 

7. If We had sent unto you a written (message) on parchment, so that they could touch it with their hands, the Unbelievers would have been sure to say: "This is nothing but obvious magic!" 8. They say: "Why is not an angel sent down to him?" If we did send down an angel, the matter would be settled at once, and no respite would be granted to them. 9. If We had made it an angel, We should have sent him as a man, and We should certainly have caused them confusion in a matter which they have already covered with confusion. 10. Mocked were (many) Messengers before you; but their scoffers were hemmed in by the thing that they mocked.

 

Section 2: Greatness of Divine Mercy

 

11. Say: "Travel through the earth and see what was the end of those who rejected Truth." 12. Say: "To whom belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth?" Say: "To God; He has inscribed for Himself (the rule of) Mercy. That He will gather you together for the Day of Judgment, there is no doubt whatever. It is they who have lost their own souls, that will not believe. 13. To Him belongs all that dwells (or lurks) in the night and the day. For He is the One Who hears and knows all things." 14. Say: "Shall I take for my protector any other than God, the Maker of the heavens and the earth? And He it is that feeds but is not fed." Say: "No! but I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to God (in submission), and be not you of the company of those who join gods with God." 15. Say: "I would, if I disobeyed my Lord, indeed have fear of the penalty of a Mighty Day. 16. "On that day, if the penalty is averted from any, it is due to God’s mercy; and that would be (salvation), the obvious fulfillment of all desire. 17. "If God touches you with affliction, none can remove it but He; if He touches you with happiness, He has power over all things. 18. "He is the irresistible, (watching) from above over His worshippers; and He is the Wise, acquainted with all things." 19. Say: "What thing is most weighty in evidence?" Say: "(God) is the witness between me and you; this recitation has been revealed to me by inspiration, that I may warn you and all whom it reaches. Can you possibly bear witness that besides God there is another god?" Say: "No! I cannot bear witness!" Say: "But in truth, He is the One God, and I truly am innocent of (your blasphemy of) joining others with Him." 20. Those to whom We have given the Book know this as they know their own sons. Those who have lost their own souls refuse therefore to believe.

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"He is the irresistible, (watching) from above over His worshippers; and He is the Wise, acquainted with all things." (6:18)

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Section 3: Polytheists’ Witness Against Themselves

 

21. Who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against God or rejects His signs? But verily the wrongdoers never shall prosper. 22. One day shall We gather them all together: We shall say to those who ascribed partners (to Us): "Where are the partners whom you (invented and) talked about?" 23. There will then be (left) no subterfuge for them but to say: "By God our Lord, we were not those who joined gods with God." 24. Behold! how they lie against their own souls! But the (lie) which they invented will leave them in the lurch. 25. Of them there are some who (pretend to) listen to you; but We have thrown veils on their hearts, so they understand it not, and deafness in their ears; if they saw every one of the signs, not they will believe in them; in so much that when they come to you, they (but) dispute with you; the Unbelievers say: "These are nothing but tales of the ancients." 26. Others they keep away from it, and themselves they keep away; but they only destroy their own souls, and they perceive it not. 27. If you could but see when they are confronted with the Fire! They will say: "Would that we were but sent back! Then would we not reject the signs of our Lord, but would be amongst those who believe!" 28. Yea, in their own (eyes) will become manifest what before they concealed. But if they were returned, they would certainly relapse to the things they were forbidden, for they are indeed liars. 29. And they (sometimes) say: "There is nothing except our life on this earth, and never shall we be raised up again." 30. If you could but see when they are confronted with their Lord! He will say: "Is not this the truth?" They will say: "Yea, by our Lord!" He will say: "Taste you then the penalty, because you rejected Faith."

 

Section 4: Rejection of the Truth

 

31. Lost indeed are they who treat it as a falsehood that they must meet God, - until on a sudden the hour is on them, and they say: "Ah! woe unto us that we took no thought of it"; for they bear their burdens on their backs, and evil indeed are the burdens that they bear. 32. What is the life of this world but play and amusement? But best is the home in the hereafter, for those who are righteous. Will you not then understand?

 

33. We know indeed the grief which their words do cause you: It is not you they reject: it is the signs of God, which the wicked condemn. 34. Rejected were the Messengers before you: with patience and constancy they bore their rejection and their wrongs, until Our aid did reach them: there is none that can alter the words (and decrees) of God. Already have you received some account of those Messengers. 35. If their spurning is hard on your mind, yet if you were able to seek a tunnel in the ground or a ladder to the skies and bring them a sign, - (what good?). If it were God’s will, He could gather them together unto true guidance: so be not you amongst those who are swayed by ignorance (and impatience)! 36. Those who listen (in truth), be sure, will accept: as to the dead, God will raise them up; then will they be turned unto Him.

 

37. They say: "Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord?" Say: "(God) has certainly power to send down a sign: but most of them understand not. 38. There is not an animal (that lives) on the earth, nor a being that flies on its wings, but (forms part of) communities like you. Nothing have we omitted from the Book, and they (all) shall be gathered to their Lord in the end. 39. Those who reject Our Signs are deaf and dumb, - in the midst of darkness profound: whom God wills, He leaves to wander: whom He wills, He places on the way that is straight. 40. Say: "Think you to yourselves, if there come upon you the wrath of God, or the Hour (that you dread), would you then call upon other than God. - (reply) if you are truthful! 41. "No, - on Him would you call, and if it be His will, He would remove (the distress) which occasioned your call upon Him, and you would forget (the false gods) which you join with Him!"

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Those who listen (in truth), be sure, will accept: as to the dead, God will raise them up; then will they be turned unto Him. (6:36)

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Section 5: Consequences of Rejection

 

42. Before you We sent (Messengers) to many nations, and We afflicted the nations with suffering and adversity, that they might learn humility. 43. When the suffering reached them from Us, why then did they not learn humility? On the contrary their hearts became hardened, and Satan made their (sinful) acts seem alluring to them. 44. But when they forgot the warning they had received, We opened to them the gates of all (good) things, until, in the midst of their enjoyment of Our gifts, on a sudden, We called them to account, when lo! they were plunged in despair! 45. Of the wrongdoers the last remnant was cut off. Praise be to God, the Cherisher of the Worlds.

 

46. Say: "Think you, if God took away your hearing and your sight, and sealed up your hearts, who - a god other than God - could restore them to you?" See how We explain the signs by various (symbols); yet they turn aside. 47. Say: "Think you, if the punishment of God comes to you, whether suddenly or openly, will any be destroyed except those who do wrong? 48. We send the Messengers only to give good news and to warn: so those who believe and mend (their lives), - upon them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 49. But those who reject Our Signs, - them shall punishment touch, for that they ceased not from transgressing. 50. Say: "I tell you not that with me are the treasures of God, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me." Say: "Can the blind be held equal to the seeing?" Will you then consider not?

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We send the Messengers only to give good news and to warn: so those who believe and mend (their lives), - upon them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.  (6:48)

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Section 6: Reward of Believers

 

51. Give this warning to those in whose (hearts) is the fear that they will be brought (to judgment) before their Lord: except for Him, they will have no protector nor intercessor: that they may guard (against evil). 52. Send not away those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His face. In naught are you accountable for them, and in naught are they accountable for you, that you should turn them away, and thus be (one) of the unjust. 53. Thus did We try some of them by comparison with others, that they should say: "Is it these then that God has favored from amongst us?" Does not God know best those who are grateful? 54. When those come to you who believe in Our Signs, say: “Peace be on you: your Lord has inscribed for Himself (the rule of) mercy: verily, if any of you did evil in ignorance, and thereafter repented, and amend (his conduct), lo! He is Oft- forgiving, Most Merciful.” 55. Thus do We explain the signs in detail: that the way of the sinners may be shown up.

 

Section 7: Divine Judgement

 

56. Say: "I am forbidden to worship those - other than God - whom you call upon." Say: "I will not follow your vain desires: If I did, I would stray from the path, and be not of the company of those who receive guidance." 57. Say: "For me, I (work) on a clear sign from my Lord, but you reject Him. What you would see hastened, is not in my power. The command rests with none but God. He declares the truth, and He is the best of judges." 58. Say: "If what you would see hastened were in my power, the matter would be settled at once between you and me. But God knows best those who do wrong." 59. With Him are the keys of the unseen, the treasures that none knows but He. He knows whatever there is on the earth and in the sea. Not a leaf does fall but with His knowledge: there is not a grain in the darkness (or depths) of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry (green or withered), but is (inscribed) in a record clear (to those who can read). 60. It is He who does take your souls by night, and has knowledge of all that you have done by day: by day does He raise you up again; that a term appointed be fulfilled; In the end unto Him will be your return; then will He show you the truth of all that you did.

 

Section 8: Divine Judgement

 

61. He is the irresistible, (watching) from above over His worshippers, and He sets guardians over you. At length, when death approaches one of you, Our angels take his soul, and they never fail in their duty. 62. Then are men returned unto God, their protector, the (only) reality: Is not His the command? And He is the swiftest in taking account.

 

63. Say: "Who is it that delivers you from the dark recesses of land and sea, when you call upon Him in humility and silent terror: 'If He only delivers us from these (dangers), (we vow) we shall truly show our gratitude'?" 64. Say "It is God that delivers you from these and all (other) distresses: and yet you worship false gods!" 65. Say: "He has power to send calamities on you, from above and below, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, giving you a taste of mutual vengeance - each from the other." See how We explain the signs by various (symbols); that they may understand. 66. But your people reject this, though it is the truth. Say: “Not mine is the responsibility for arranging your affairs; 67. For every message is a limit of time, and soon shall you know it."

 

68. When you see men engaged in vain discourse about Our signs, turn away from them unless they turn to a different theme. If Satan ever makes you forget, then after recollection, sit not you in the company of those who do wrong. 69. On their account no responsibility falls on the righteous, but (their duty) is to remind them, that they may (learn to) fear God. 70. Leave alone those who take their religion to be mere play and amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But proclaim (to them) this (truth): that every soul delivers itself to ruin by its own acts: it will find for itself no protector or intercessor except God. If it offered every ransom, (or reparation), none will be accepted: such is (the end of) those who deliver themselves to ruin by their own acts: they will have for drink (only) boiling water, and for punishment, one most grievous: for they persisted in rejecting God.

 

Section 9: Abraham’s Argument for Divine Unity

 

71. Say: "Shall we indeed call on others besides God, - things that can do us neither good nor harm, - and turn on our heels after receiving guidance from God. - like one whom the evil ones have made into a fool, wandering bewildered through the earth, his friends calling, ‘come to us’, (vainly) guiding him to the path."

 

Say: "(God)'s guidance is the (only) guidance, and we have been directed to submit ourselves to the Lord of the worlds; - 72. "To establish regular prayers and to fear God; for it is to Him that we shall be gathered together." 73. It is He who created the heavens and the earth in true (proportions): the day He says, "Be," behold! it is. His word is the truth. His will be the dominion the day the trumpet will be blown. He knows the unseen as well as that which is open. For He is the Wise, well acquainted (with all things).

 

74. Lo! Abraham said to his father Terah: "Take you idols for gods? For I see you and your people in manifest error." 75. So also did We show Abraham the power and the laws of the heavens and the earth, that he might (with understanding) have certitude. 76. When the night covered him over, he saw a star: He said: "This is my Lord." but when it set, he said: "I love not those that set." 77. When he saw the moon rising in splendor, he said: "This is my Lord." but when the moon set, he said: "Unless my Lord guide me, I shall surely be among those who go astray." 78. When he saw the sun rising in splendor, he said: "This is my Lord; this is the greatest (of all)." But when the sun set, he said: "O my people! I am indeed free from your (guilt) of giving partners to God. 79. "For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly, towards Him who created the heavens and the earth, and never shall I give partners to God." 80. His people disputed with him. He said: "(Come) you to dispute with me, about God, when He (Himself) has guided me? I fear not (the beings) you associate with God. Unless my Lord wills, (nothing can happen). My Lord comprehends in His knowledge all things. Will you not (yourselves) be admonished? 81. "How should I fear (the beings) you associate with God, when you fear not to give partners to God without any warrant having been given to you? Which of (us) two parties has more right to security? (tell me) if you know. 82. "It is those who believe and confuse not their beliefs with wrong - that are (truly) in security, for they are on (right) guidance."

 

Section 10: Prophets Among Abraham’s Descendants

 

83. That was the reasoning about Us, which We gave to Abraham (to use) against his people: We raise whom We will, degree after degree: for your Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge. 84. We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) guided: and before him, We guided Noah, and among his progeny, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron: thus do We reward those who do good: 85. And Zechariah and John, and Jesus and Elias: all in the ranks of the righteous: 86. And Ishmael and Elisha, and Jonas, and Lot: and to all We gave favor above the nations: 87. (To them) and to their fathers, and progeny and brethren: We chose them, and we guided them to a straight way. 88. This is the guidance of God. He gives that guidance to whom He pleases, of His worshippers. If they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them. 89. These were the men to whom We gave the Book, and authority, and Prophethood: if these (their descendants) reject them, behold! We shall entrust their charge to a new people who reject them not. 90. Those were the (prophets) who received God’s guidance: copy the guidance they received; Say: "No reward for this do I ask of you: This is no less than a message for the nations."

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 This is the guidance of God. He gives that guidance to whom He pleases, of His worshippers. If they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them. (6:88)

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Section 11: Truth of Divine Revelation

 

91. No just estimate of God do they make when they say: "Nothing does God send down to man (by way of revelation)" Say: "Who then sent down the Book which Moses brought? - a light and guidance to man: but you make it into (separate) sheets for show, while you conceal much (of its contents): therein were you taught that which you knew not - neither you nor your fathers." Say: "(God) (sent it down)": Then leave them to plunge in vain discourse and trifling. 92. And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings, and confirming (the revelations) which came before it: that you may warn the mother of cities and all around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in this (Book), and they are constant in guarding their prayers.

 

93. Who can be more wicked than one who invents a lie against God, or says, "I have received inspiration," when he has received none, or (again) who says, "I can reveal the like of what God has revealed"? If you could but see how the wicked (do fare) in the flood of confusion at death! - the angels stretch forth their hands, (saying),"Yield up your souls: this day shall you receive your reward, - a penalty of shame, for that you used to tell lies against God, and scornfully to reject of His signs!" 94. "And behold! you come to us bare and alone as We created you for the first time: you have left behind you all (the favors) which We bestowed on you: We see not with you your intercessors whom you thought to be partners in your affairs: so now all relations between you have been cut off, and your (pet) fancies have left you in the lurch!"

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And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings, and confirming (the revelations) which came before it: that you may warn the mother of cities and all around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in this (Book), and they are constant in guarding their prayers. (6:92)

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Section 12: Ultimate Triumph of the Truth

 

95. It is God Who causes the seed-grain and the date-stone to split and sprout. He causes the living to issue from the dead, and He is the one to cause the dead to issue from the living. That is God; then how are you deluded away from the truth? 96. He it is that cleaves the day-break (from the dark): He makes the night for rest and tranquility, and the sun and moon for the reckoning (of time): Such is the judgment and ordering of (Him), the Exalted in Power, the Omniscient. 97. It is He Who makes the stars (as beacons) for you, that you may guide yourselves, with their help, through the dark spaces of land and sea: We detail Our signs for people who know. 98. It is He Who has produced you from a single person: here is a place of sojourn and a place of departure: We detail Our signs for people who understand. 99. It is He Who sends down rain from the skies: with it We produce vegetation of all kinds: from some We produce green (crops), out of which We produce grain, heaped up (at harvest); out of the date-palm and its sheaths (or spathes) (come) clusters of dates hanging low and near: and (then there are) gardens of grapes, and olives, and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety): when they begin to bear fruit, feast your eyes with the fruit and the ripeness thereof. Behold! in these things there are signs for people who believe.

 

100. Yet they make the Jinns equals with God, though God did create the Jinns; and they falsely, having no knowledge, attribute to Him sons and daughters. Praise and glory be to Him! (for He is) above what they attribute to Him!

 

Section 13: Gradual Progress

 

101. To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: How can He have a son when He has no consort? He created all things, and He has full knowledge of all things. 102. That is God, your Lord! there is no god but He, the Creator of all things: then worship you Him: and He has power to dispose of all affairs. 103. No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.

 

104. "Now have come to you, from your Lord, proofs (to open your eyes): if any will see, it will be for (the good of) his own soul; if any will be blind, it will be to his own (harm): I am not (here) to watch over your doings." 105. Thus, do we explain the signs by various (symbols): that they may say, "You have taught (us) diligently," and that We may make the matter clear to those who know. 106. Follow what you are taught by inspiration from Your Lord: there is no god but He: and turn aside from those who join gods with God. 107. If it had been God’s plan, they would not have taken false gods: but We made you not one to watch over their doings, nor are you set over them to dispose of their affairs.

 

108. Revile not you those whom they call upon besides God, lest they out of spite revile God in their ignorance. Thus, have We made alluring to each people its own doings. In the end, will they return to their Lord, and We shall then tell them the truth of all that they did.

 

109. They swear their strongest oaths by God, that if a (special) sign came to them, by it they would believe. Say: "Certainly (all) signs are in the power of God; but what will make you (those who submit to God) realize that (even) if (special) signs came, they will not believe."? 110. We (too) shall turn to (confusion) their hearts and their eyes, even as they refused to believe in this in the first instance: We shall leave them in their trespasses, to wander in distraction.

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That is God, your Lord! there is no god but He, the Creator of all things: then worship you Him: and He has power to dispose of all affairs. (6:102)

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