Part 9

A Mosque Courtyard

Chapter 7: The Heights

88. The leaders, the arrogant party among his people, said: "O Shu'aib! we shall certainly drive you out of our city – (you) and those who believe with you; or else you (you and they) shall have to return to our ways and religion." He said: "What! even though we do detest (them)? 89. "We should indeed invent a lie against God, if we returned to your ways after God has rescued us therefrom; nor could we by any manner of means return thereto unless it be as in the will and plan of God, Our Lord. Our Lord can reach out to the utmost recesses of things by His knowledge. In God is our trust; our Lord! decide You between us and our people in truth, for You are the best to decide." 90. The leaders of the unbelievers among his people said: "If you follow Shu'aib, be sure then you are ruined!" 91. But the earthquake took them unaware, and they lay prostrate in their homes before the morning! 92. The men who reject Shu'aib became as if they had never been in the homes where they had flourished: the men who rejected Shu'aib – it was they who were ruined! 93. So Shu'aib left them, saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel, but how shall I lament over a people who refuse to believe!"

 

SECTION 12: Makkans Warned of Punishment

 

94. Whenever We sent a prophet to a town, We took up its people in suffering and adversity, in order that they might learn humility. 95. Then We changed their suffering into prosperity, until they grew and multiplied, and began to say: "Our fathers (too) were touched by suffering and affluence" ... Behold! We called them to account of a sudden, while they realized not (their peril). 96. If the people of the towns had but believed and feared God, We should indeed have opened out to them (all kinds of) blessings from heaven and earth; but they rejected (the truth), and We brought them to book for their misdeeds. 97. Did the people of the towns feel secure against the coming of Our wrath by night while they were asleep? 98. Or else did they feel secure against its coming in broad daylight while they played about (care-free)? 99. Did they then feel secure against the plan of God – but no one can feel secure from the Plan of God, except those (doomed) to ruin!

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If the people of the towns had but believed and feared God, We should indeed have opened out to them (all kinds of) blessings from heaven and earth; but they rejected (the truth), and We brought them to book for their misdeeds. (7:96)

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SECTION 13: Moses Sent to Pharaoh with Signs

 

100. To those who inherit the earth in succession to its (previous) possessors, is it not a guiding, (lesson) that, if We so willed, We could punish them (too) for their sins, and seal up their hearts so that they could not hear? 101. Such were the towns whose story We (thus) relate unto you: There came indeed to them their Messengers with clear (signs): But they would not believe what they had rejected before. Thus does God seal up the hearts of those who reject faith. 102. Most of them We found not men (true) to their covenant: but most of them We found rebellious and disobedient.

 

103. Then after them We sent Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they wrongfully rejected them: So see what was the end of those who made mischief. 104. Moses said: "O Pharaoh! I am a Messenger from the Lord of the worlds, – 105. One for whom it is right to say nothing but truth about God. Now have I come unto you (people), from your Lord, with a clear (Sign): So let the Children of Israel depart along with me." 106. (Pharaoh) said: "If indeed you have come with a Sign, show it forth, – if you tell the truth." 107. Then (Moses) threw his rod, and behold! it was a serpent, plain (for all to see)! 108. And he drew out his hand, and behold! it was white to all beholders!

 

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Moses said: "O Pharaoh! I am a Messenger from the Lord of the worlds, – (7:104)

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SECTION 14: Pharaoh Summons Enchanters

 

109. Said the Chiefs of the people of Pharaoh: "This is indeed a sorcerer well-versed. 110. "His plan is to get you out of your land: then what is it you counsel?" 111. They said: "Keep him and his brother in suspense (for a while); and send to the cities men to collect – 112. And bring up to you all (our) sorcerers well-versed."

 

113. So there came the sorcerers to Pharaoh: They said, "Of course we shall have a (suitable) reward if we win!" 114. He said: "Yes, (and more), – for you shall in that case be (raised to posts) nearest (to my person)." 115. They said: "O Moses! will you throw (first), or shall we have the (first) throw?" 116. Said Moses: "Throw you (first)." So when they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people, and struck terror into them: for they showed a great (feat of) magic. 117. We put it into Moses's mind by inspiration: "Throw (now) your rod": and behold! it swallows up straight away all the falsehoods which they fake! 118. Thus truth was confirmed, and all that they did was made of no effect. 119. So the (great ones) were vanquished there and then, and were made to look small.

 

120. But the sorcerers fell down prostrate in adoration. 121. Saying: "We believe in the Lord of the Worlds, – 122. "The Lord of Moses and Aaron." 123. Said Pharaoh: "Believe you in Him before I give you permission? Surely this is a trick which you have planned in the city to drive out its people: but soon shall you know (the consequences). 124. "Be sure I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will cause you all to die on the cross." 125. They said: "For us, We are but sent back unto our Lord: 126. "But you do wreak your vengeance on us simply because we believed in the Signs of our Lord when they reached us! Our Lord! pour out on us patience and constancy, and take our souls unto You as who bow to Your will!

 

SECTION 15: Israelites' Persecution Continues

 

127. Said the chiefs of Pharaoh's people: "Will you leave Moses and his people, to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?" He said: "Their male children will we slay; (only) their females will we save alive; and we have over them (power) irresistible." 128. Said Moses to his people: "Pray for help from God, and (wait) in patience and constancy: for the earth is God’s, to give as a heritage to such of His servants as He pleases; and the end is (best) for the righteous. 129. They said: "We have had (nothing but) trouble, both before and after you came to us." He said: "It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you inheritors in the earth; that so He may try you by your deeds."

 

SECTION 16: Moses Shows More Signs

 

130. We punished the people of Pharaoh with years (of droughts) and shortness of crops; that they might receive admonition. 131. But when good (times) came, they said, "This is due to us;" When gripped by calamity, they ascribed it to evil omens connected with Moses and those with him! Behold! in truth the omens of evil are theirs in God’s sight, but most of them do not understand! 132. They said (to Moses): "Whatever be the Signs you bring to work therewith your sorcery on us, we shall never believe in you. 133. So We sent (plagues) on them: Wholesale death, locusts, lice, frogs, and blood: Signs openly self-explained: but they were steeped in arrogance, – a people given to sin. 134. Every time the penalty fell on them, they said: "O Moses! on your behalf call on your Lord in virtue of his promise to you: If you will remove the penalty from us, we shall truly believe in you, and we shall send away the Children of Israel with you." 135. But every time We removed the penalty from them according to a fixed term which they had to fulfil, – Behold! they broke their word! 136. So We exacted retribution from them: We drowned them in the sea, because they rejected Our Signs and failed to take warning from them. 137. And We made a people, considered weak (and of no account), inheritors of lands in both East and West, – lands whereon We sent down Our blessings. The fair promise of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because they had patience and constancy, and We levelled to the ground the great works and fine buildings which Pharaoh and his people erected (with such pride).

 

138. We took the Children of Israel (with safety) across the sea. They came upon a people devoted entirely to some idols they had. They said: "O Moses! fashion for us a god like unto the gods they have." He said: "Surely you are a people without knowledge. 139. "As to these folk, – the cult they are in is (but) a fragment of a ruin, and vain is the (worship) which they practice." 140. He said: "Shall I seek for you a god other than the (true) God, when it is God Who has endowed you with gifts above the nations?" 141. And remember We rescued you from Pharaoh's people, who afflicted you with the worst of penalties, who slew your male children and saved alive your females: in that was a momentous trial from your Lord.

 

SECTION 17: Moses Receives the Law

 

142. We appointed for Moses thirty nights, and completed (the period) with ten (more): thus was completed the term (of communion) with his Lord, forty nights. And Moses had charged his brother Aaron (before he went up): "Act for me amongst my people: Do right, and follow not the way of those who do mischief." 143. When Moses came to the place appointed by Us, and his Lord addressed him, he said: "O my Lord! show (Yourself) to me, that I may look upon You." God said: "By no means can you see Me (direct); But look upon the mount; if it abide in its place, then shall you see Me." When his Lord manifested His glory on the Mount, He made it as dust. And Moses fell down in a swoon. When he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to You! to You I turn in repentance, and I am the first to believe." 144. (God) said: "O Moses! I have chosen you above (other) men, by the mission I (have given you) and the words I (have spoken to you): take then the (revelation) which I give you, and be of those who give thanks." 145. And We ordained laws for him in the tablets in all matters, both commanding and explaining all things, (and said): "Take and hold these with firmness, and enjoin your people to hold fast by the best in the precepts: soon shall I show you the homes of the wicked, – (how they lie desolate)." 146. Those who behave arrogantly on the earth in defiance of right – them will I turn away from My signs: Even if they see all the signs, they will not believe in them; and if they see the way of right conduct, they will not adopt it as the way; but if they see the way of error, that is the way they will adopt. For they have rejected our signs, and failed to take warning from them. 147. Those who reject Our signs and the meeting in the Hereafter, – vain are their deeds: Can they expect to be rewarded except as they have wrought?

 

SECTION 18: Israelites Worship a Calf

 

148. The people of Moses made, in his absence, out of their ornaments, the image of calf, (for worship): it seemed to low: did they not see that it could neither speak to them, nor show them the way? They took it for worship and they did wrong. 149. When they repented and saw that they had erred, they said: "If our Lord have not mercy upon us and forgive us, we shall indeed be of those who perish." 150. When Moses came back to his people, angry and grieved, he said: "Evil it is that you have done in my place in my absence: did you make haste to bring on the judgment of your Lord?" He put down the tablets, seized his brother by (the hair of) his head, and dragged him to him. Aaron said: "Son of my mother! the people did indeed reckon me as nothing, and went near to slaying me! Make not the enemies rejoice over my misfortune, nor count you me amongst the people of sin." 151. Moses prayed: "O my Lord! forgive me and my brother! admit us to Your mercy! for You are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!"

 

SECTION 19: The Torah and the Prophet's Advent

 

152. Those who took the calf (for worship) will indeed be overwhelmed with wrath from their Lord, and with shame in this life: thus do We recompense those who invent (falsehoods). 153. But those who do wrong but repent thereafter and (truly) believe, – verily your Lord is thereafter Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 154. When the anger of Moses was appeased, he took up the tablets: in the writing thereon was guidance and Mercy for such as fear their Lord.

 

155. And Moses chose seventy of his people for Our place of meeting: when they were seized with violent quaking, he prayed: "O my Lord! if it had been Your will, You could have destroyed, long before, both them and me: would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? This is no more than Your trial: by it You cause whom You will to stray, and You lead whom You will into the right path. You are our Protector: so forgive us and give us Your mercy; for You are the best of those who forgive. 156. "And ordain for us that which is good, in this life and in the Hereafter: for we have turned unto You." He said: "With My punishment I visit whom I will; but My mercy extends to all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who do right, and practice regular charity, and those who believe in Our signs; – 157. "Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures), – in the law and the Gospel; – for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honor him, help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him, – it is they who will prosper."

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"And ordain for us that which is good, in this life and in the Hereafter: for we have turned unto You." He said: "With My punishment I visit whom I will; but My mercy extends to all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who do right, and practice regular charity, and those who believe in Our signs; – (7:156)

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SECTION 20: Divine Favors on the Israelites

 

158. Say: "O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of God, to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He that gives both life and death. So believe in God and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believes in God and His words: follow him that (so) you may be guided." 159. Of the people of Moses there is a section who guide and do justice in the light of truth. 160. We divided them into twelve tribes or nations. We directed Moses by inspiration, when his (thirsty) people asked him for water: "Strike the rock with your staff": out of it there gushed forth twelve springs: Each group knew its own place for water. We gave them the shade of clouds, and sent down to them manna and quails, (saying): "Eat of the good things We have provided for you": (but they rebelled); to Us they did no harm, but they harmed their own souls. 161. And remember it was said to them: "Dwell in this town and eat therein as you wish, but say the word of humility and enter the gate in a posture of humility: We shall forgive you your faults; We shall increase (the portion of) those who do good." 162. But the transgressors among them changed the word from that which had been given them so we sent on them a plague from heaven. For that they repeatedly transgressed.

 

SECTION 21: The Israelites' Transgressions

 

163. Ask them concerning the town standing close by the sea. Behold! they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath. For on the day of their Sabbath their fish did come to them, openly holding up their heads, but on the day they had no Sabbath, they came not: thus did We make a trial of them, for they were given to transgression. 164. When some of them said: "Why do you preach to a people whom God will destroy or visit with a terrible punishment?" – said the preachers: "To discharge our duty to your Lord, and perchance they may fear Him." 165. When they disregarded the warnings that had been given them, We rescued those who forbade Evil; but We visited the wrong-doers with a grievous punishment because they were given to transgression. 166. When in their insolence they transgressed (all) prohibitions, We said to them: "Be you apes, despised and rejected."

 

167. Behold! your Lord did declare that He would send against them, to the Day of Judgment, those who would afflict them with grievous penalty. Your Lord is quick in retribution, but He is also Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. 168. We broke them up into sections on this earth. There are among them some that are the righteous, and some that are the opposite. We have tried them with both prosperity and adversity: In order that they might turn (to us). 169. After them succeeded an (evil) generation: They inherited the Book, but they chose (for themselves) the vanities of this world, saying (for excuse): "(Everything) will be forgiven us." (Even so), if similar vanities came their way, they would (again) seize them. Was not the covenant of the Book taken from them, that they would not ascribe to God anything but the truth? And they study what is in the Book. But best for the righteous is the home in the Hereafter. Will you not understand? 170. As to those who hold fast by the Book and establish regular prayer, – never shall We suffer the reward of the righteous to perish. 171. When We shook the Mount over them, as if it had been a canopy, and they thought it was going to fall on them (We said): "Hold firmly to what We have given you, and bring (ever) to remembrance what is therein; perchance you may fear God."

 

SECTION 22: Evidence of Divine Impress on Man's Nature

 

172. When your Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?" – They said: "Yes! We do testify!" (This), lest you should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful": 173. Or lest you should say: "Our fathers before us may have taken false gods, but we are (their) descendants after them: will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who were futile?" 174. Thus do We explain the signs in detail; and perchance they may turn (unto Us).

 

175. Relate to them the story of the man to whom We sent Our signs, but he passed them by: so Satan followed him up, and he went astray. 176. If it had been Our will, We should have elevated him with Our signs; but he inclined to the earth, and followed his own vain desires. His similitude is that of a dog: if you attack him, he lolls out his tongue, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls out his tongue. That is the similitude of those who reject Our signs; so relate the story; perchance they may reflect. 177. Evil as an example are people who reject Our signs and wrong their own souls. 178. Whom God does guide, – he is on the right path: whom He rejects from His guidance, – such are the persons who perish. 179. Many are the Jinns and men We have made for Hell: They have hearts wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not, and ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle, – no, more misguided: for they are heedless (of warning).

 

180. The most beautiful names belong to God; so call on Him by them; but shun such men as use profanity in His names: for what they do, they will soon be requited.

 

181. Of those We have created are people who direct (others) with truth. And dispense justice therewith.

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Whom God does guide, – he is on the right path: whom He rejects from His guidance, – such are the persons who perish. (7:178)

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SECTION 23: The Coming of Doom

 

182. Those who reject Our signs, We shall gradually visit with punishment, in ways they perceive not; 183. Respite will I grant unto them: for My scheme is strong (and unfailing). 184. Do they not reflect? Their companion is not seized with madness: he is but a perspicuous warner. 185. Do they see nothing in the government of the heavens and the earth and all that God has created? (Do they not see) that it may well be that their terms is nigh drawing to an end? In what message after this will they then believe? 186. To such as God rejects from His guidance, there can be no guide: He will leave them in their trespasses, wandering in distraction.

 

187. They ask you about the (final) Hour – when will be its appointed time? Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (alone): None but He can reveal as to when it will occur. Heavy were its burden through the heavens and the earth. Only, all of a sudden will it come to you." They ask you as if you were eager in search thereof: Say: "The knowledge thereof is with God (alone), but most men know not." 188. Say: "I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as God wills. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I should have multiplied all good, and no evil should have touched me: I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith."

 

SECTION 24: The Final Word

 

189. It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united, she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy, they both pray to God their Lord, (saying): "If You give us a goodly child, we vow we shall (ever) be grateful." 190. But when He gives them a goodly child, they ascribe to others a share in the gift they have received: but God is exalted high above the partners they ascribe to Him. 191. Do they indeed ascribe to Him as partners things that can create nothing, but are themselves created? 192. No aid can they give them, nor can they aid themselves! 193. If you call them to guidance, they will not obey: For you it is the same whether you call them or you hold your peace!

 

194. Verily those whom you call upon besides God are servants like unto you: Call upon them, and let them listen to your prayer, if you are (indeed) truthful! 195. Have they feet to walk with? Or hands to lay hold with? Or eyes to see with? Or ears to hear with? Say: "Call your 'god-partners', scheme (your worst) against me, and give me no respite! 196. For my Protector is God, Who revealed the Book (from time to time), and He will choose and befriend the righteous. 197. But those you call upon besides Him, are unable to help you, and indeed to help themselves." 198. If you call them to guidance, they hear not. You will see them looking at you, but they see not.

 

199. Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; But turn away from the ignorant. 200. If a suggestion from Satan assail your (mind), seek refuge with God; for He hears and knows (all things). 201. Those who fear God, when a thought of evil from Satan assaults them, bring God to remembrance, when lo! they see (aright)!

 

202. But their brethren (the evil ones) plunge them deeper into error, and never relax (their efforts). 203. If you bring them not a revelation, they say: "Why have you not got it together?" Say: "I but follow what is revealed to me from my Lord: this is (nothing but) lights from your Lord, and Guidance, and mercy, for any who have faith."

 

204. When the Qur'an is read, listen to it with attention, and hold your peace: that you may receive Mercy. 205. And do you (O reader!) bring your Lord to remembrance in your (very) soul, with humility and in reverence, without loudness in words, in the mornings and evenings; and be not you of those who are unheedful. 206. Those who are near to your Lord, disdain not to do Him worship: They celebrate His praises and bow down before Him.

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For my Protector is God, Who revealed the Book (from time to time), and He will choose and befriend the righteous. (7:196)

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Chapter 8: The Spoils of War

SECTION 1: The Battle of Badr

In the name of God,

Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

1. They ask you concerning (things taken as) spoils of war. Say: "(Such) spoils are at the disposal of God and the Messenger. So fear God, and keep straight the relations between yourselves: Obey God and His Messenger, if you do believe." 2. For Believers are those who, when God is mentioned, feel a tremor in their hearts, and when they hear His signs rehearsed, find their faith strengthened, and put (all) their trust in their Lord; 3. Who establish regular prayers and spend (freely) out of the gifts We have given them for sustenance: 4. Such in truth are the believers: they have grades of dignity with their Lord, and forgiveness, and generous sustenance. 5. Just as your Lord ordered you out of your house in truth, even though a party among the Believers disliked it, 6. Disputing with you concerning the truth after it was made manifest, as if they were being driven to death and they (actually) saw it. 7. Behold! God promised you one of the two (enemy) parties, that it should be yours: You wished that the one unarmed should be yours, but God willed to justify the Truth according to His words and to cut off the roots of the Unbelievers; – 8. That He might justify Truth and prove Falsehood false, distasteful though it be to those in guilt. 9. Remember you implored the assistance of your Lord, and He answered you: "I will assist you with a thousand of the angels, ranks on ranks." 10. God made it but a message of hope, and an assurance to your hearts: (in any case) there is no help except from God; and God is Exalted in Power, Wise.

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God made it but a message of hope, and an assurance to your hearts: (in any case) there is no help except from God; and God is Exalted in Power, Wise. (8:10)

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SECTION 2: The Battle of Badr

11. Remember He covered you with a sort of drowsiness, to give you calm as from Himself, and He caused rain to descend on you from heaven, to clean you therewith, to remove from you the stain of Satan, to strengthen your hearts, and to plant your feet firmly therewith. 12. Remember your Lord inspired the angels (with the message): "I am with you: give firmness to the Believers: I will instill terror into the hearts of the Unbelievers: Smite you above their necks and smite all their finger-tips off them." 13. This because they contended against God and His Messenger. If any contend against God and His Messenger, God is strict in punishment. 14. Thus (will it be said): "Taste you then of the (punishment): for those who resist God, is the penalty of the Fire."

 

15. O you who believe! when you meet the Unbelievers in hostile array, never turn your backs to them. 16. If any do turn his back to them on such a day – unless it be in a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own) – he draws on himself the wrath of God, and his abode is Hell, – an evil refuge (indeed)! 17. It is not you who slew them; it was God; when you threw (a handful of dust), it was not your act, but God’s: in order that He might test the Believers by a gracious trial from Himself: for God is He Who hears and knows (all things). 18. That, and also because God is He Who makes feeble the plans and stratagem of the Unbelievers. 19. (O Unbelievers!) if you prayed for victory and judgment, now has the judgment come to you: if you desist (from wrong), it will be best for you: if you return (to the attack), so shall We. Not the least good will your forces be to you even if they were multiplied: for verily God is with those who believe!

 

SECTION 3: The Way to Success

 

20. O you who believe! Obey God and His Messenger, and turn not away from him when you hear (him speak). 21. Nor be like those who say, "We hear," but listen not: 22. For the worst of beasts in the sight of God are the deaf and the dumb, – those who understand not. 23. If God had found in them any good, He would indeed have made them listen: (As it is), if He had made them listen, they would but have turned back and declined (Faith). 24. O you who believe! give your response to God and His Messenger, when He calls you to that which will give you life; and know that God comes in between a man and his heart, and that it is He to Whom you shall (all) be gathered. 25. And fear tumult or oppression, which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong: and know that God is strict in punishment. 26. Call to mind when you were a small (band), despised through the land, and afraid that men might despoil and kidnap you; But He provided a safe asylum for you, strengthened you with His aid, and gave you good things for sustenance: that you might be grateful.

 

27. O you that believe! betray not the trust of God and the Messenger, nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you. 28. And know you that your possessions and your progeny are but a trial; and that it is God with Whom lies your highest reward.

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O you who believe! Obey God and His Messenger, and turn not away from him when you hear (him speak). (8:20)

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SECTION 4: Muslims to be Guardians to the Sacred Mosque

 

29. O you who believe! if you fear God, He will grant you a criterion (to judge between right and wrong), remove from you (all) evil (that may afflict) you, and forgive you: for God is the Lord of grace unbounded.

 

30. Remember how the Unbelievers plotted against you, to keep you in bonds, or slay you, or get you out (of your home). They plot and plan, and God too plans; but the best of planners is God.

 

31. When Our Signs are rehearsed to them, they say: "We have heard this (before): if we wished, we could say (words) like these: these are nothing but tales of the ancients." 32. Remember how they said: "O God if this is indeed the Truth from You, rain down on us a shower of stones form the sky, or send us a grievous penalty." 33. But God was not going to send them a penalty while you were among them; nor was He going to send it while they could ask for pardon. 34. But what plea have they that God should not punish them, when they keep out (men) from the sacred Mosque – and they are not its guardians? No men can be its guardians except the righteous; but most of them do not understand. 35. Their prayer at the House (of God) is nothing but whistling and clapping of hands: (Its only answer can be), "Taste you the penalty because you blasphemed." 36. The Unbelievers spend their wealth to hinder (man) from the path of God, and so will they continue to spend; but in the end they will have (only) regrets and sighs; at length they will be overcome: and the Unbelievers will be gathered together to Hell; – 37. In order that God may separate the impure from the pure, put the impure, one on another, heap them together, and cast them into Hell. They will be the ones to have lost.

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But God was not going to send them a penalty while you were among

them; nor was He going to send it while they could ask for pardon. (8:33)

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SECTION 5: Badr a Sign of the Prophet’s Truth

 

38. Say to the Unbelievers, if (now) they desist (from Unbelief), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them). 39. And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in God altogether and everywhere; but if they cease, verily God does see all that they do. 40. If they refuse, be sure that God is your Protector – the best to protect and the best to help.